Raymond L Majeres

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Although less skilled readers are handicapped by their poor phonological skills, this may not be true of their visual and orthographic coding skills. Because of an increasing reliance on visual-orthographic coding with reading experience, the author predicted that there would be smaller differences between skilled and less skilled adult readers on(More)
Sex differences in phonological processing were investigated in four experiments. Two experiments required college students to decide whether two five-letter strings matched. Same-case (AA) pairs of letter strings could be matched using physical features, whereas mixed-case (Aa) pairs of letter strings required the mediation of a speech-based code (letter(More)
Research on the sex difference in speed of matching strings of letters or digits has suggested that the difference is associated with the speed of the comparison and decision processes rather than with symbol recognition. In addition, the size of the difference is affected by whether the code used for the comparisons is figural or verbal. Given recent(More)
Most interpretations of sex differences on clerical speed tests have emphasized the role of rapid perception of details and shifts in attention. Some have emphasized comparison and decision processes. Sex differences in speeded, successive matching were studied in four experiments with college students. The experimental task involved the successive(More)
Male college students (N = 20) named colors under two levels of difficulty while turning a wheel with one hand. The hand used was found to be unrelated to naming time. In a second experiment, 24 male college students performed a dowel-balancing task while repeating a simple sentence and while remaining silent. Verbalization was found to be unrelated to hand(More)
The hypothesis that sex differences in clerical speed are based on differences in perceptual speed was tested in an experiment using tachistoscopic presentation of pairs of items requiring same-different judgments. This procedure eliminated the attentional shifts from item to item as well as the repetitive nature of the task. 10 females still were(More)
It was hypothesized that the observed sex differences on three speeded tasks could be accounted for in terms of the greater incidence of head injury in men than in women. In two studies of 64 male and 66 female college students significant sex differences were found on digit-string matching and color-matching tasks. When the data from those 39 subjects with(More)
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