Raymond L. Konger

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Ultraviolet (UV) light is a complete carcinogen inducing and promoting squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin. Recent work has shown that SCC initiation and promotion are enhanced by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). PGE2 interacts with specific EP receptors to regulate cellular functions. Previous work from our group has shown that the prostaglandin E2 EP2(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 is frequently overexpressed and associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. The cyclooxygenase-2 product prostaglandin E(2) elicits cellular responses through four G-protein-coupled receptors, designated EP1 to EP4, coupled to distinct intracellular signaling pathways. EP4, expressed on malignant breast cells, promotes metastasis;(More)
We examined the contribution of specific EP receptors in regulating cell growth. By RT-PCR and northern hybridization, adult human keratinocytes express mRNA for three PGE2 receptor subtypes associated with cAMP signaling (EP2, EP3, and small amounts of EP4). In actively growing, non-confluent primary keratinocyte cultures, the EP2 and EP4 selective(More)
Ubiquitous pro-oxidative stressor ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) to human or mouse skin generates platelet-activating factor (PAF) and novel oxidatively modified glycerophosphocholines (Ox-GPCs) with PAF-receptor (PAF-R) agonistic activity. These lipids mediate systemic immunosuppression in a process involving IL-10. The current studies sought to determine(More)
Four prostaglandin (PG)E(2) receptors have been described, termed E-series prostaglandin receptors (EP(1)-EP(4)), that can be further subclassified as low-affinity (EP(1) and EP(2)) or high-affinity (EP(3) and EP(4)) receptors. Activation of the low-affinity PGE(2) receptors is likely to be important in mediating the actions of the high levels of PGE(2)(More)
To date, oxidized glycerophosphocholines (Ox-GPCs) with platelet-activating factor (PAF) activity produced non-enzymatically have not been definitively demonstrated to mediate any known disease processes. Here we provide evidence that these Ox-GPCs play a pivotal role in the photosensitivity associated with the deficiency of the DNA repair protein xeroderma(More)
Previous studies have established that pro-oxidative stressors suppress host immunity because of their ability to generate oxidized lipids with platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R) agonist activity. Although exposure to the pro-oxidative stressor cigarette smoke (CS) is known to exert immunomodulatory effects, little is known regarding the role of(More)
Primary human keratinocytes (PHKs) are known to express the EP3 subtype of prostaglandin E2 receptor. To better understand the role of EP3 receptors in regulating epidermal function, we characterized their expression, localization, and signaling effects in human skin. Three different splice variants of the EP3 receptor (EP3A1, EP3C, and EP3D) were found to(More)
Recent studies suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists may have cancer chemopreventive activity. Other studies have shown that loss of epidermal PPARγ results in enhanced chemical carcinogenesis in mice via unknown mechanisms. However, ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure represents the primary etiological agent for skin(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is thought to play a role in sebaceous gland cell function. We previously demonstrated in human epidermoid carcinoma KB cells that UVB irradiation activates PPARgamma via the generation of multiple oxidized glycerophosphocholine species with PPARgamma ligand activity. UVB-induced cyclooxygenase 2(More)