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—A forward-error correction)FEC) scheme based on low-density parity check (LDPC) codes and iterative decoding using belief propagation in code graphs is presented in this paper. We show that LDPC codes provide a significant system performance improvement with respect to the state-of-the-art FEC schemes employed in optical communications systems. We present… (More)
We study the joint optimization of time and space resources withinfree-space optical interconnect (FSOI) systems. Both analyticaland simulation results are presented to support this optimization studyfor two different models of FSOI cross-talk noise: diffraction froma rectangular aperture and Gaussian propagation. Under realisticpower and signal-to-noise… (More)
—At high bit rates, four-wave mixing and nonlinearities in the optical channel give rise to ghost pulses. In this letter, we propose the application of modulation codes to tackle this effect.
A free-space optical bus system is described for board-to-board interconnections at the backplane level. The system uses active optoelectronic modules as the interface between the circuit boards and the electrical backplane. Substrate-mode holograms are used to implement signal broadcast operations between boards, and each board on the backplane shares… (More)
The form birefringence of subwavelength period gratings can be applied to realize phase-retardation elements. Previous researchers used high-frequency surface relief structures or sinusoidal gratings formed in photoresist to fabricate phase-retardation elements. We present the performance of a volume holographic quarter-wave phase-retardation element formed… (More)
An imaging system is proposed as an alternative to metallized connections between integrated circuits. Power requirements for metallized interconnects and electrooptic links are compared. A holographic optical element is considered as the imaging device. Several experimental systems have been constructed which have visible LEDs as the transmitters and PIN… (More)
A factorial design approach to optimizing rehalogenating bleaches for silver halide holograms is presented. An advantage of this technique is that it allows simultaneous improvement in a number of hologram performance characteristics as a function of several input parameters. Interactive effects of combinations of input parameters can also be examined. A… (More)
We present a simple technique for observing and studying the onset of microstructure in silver halide gratings, which can also be used to improve processing chemistry.
We evaluate the effect of finite aperture gratings on the spectral and efficiency characteristics of guided-mode resonance filters. A simple analytical model based on the attenuation properties of the waveguide and a fixed length of the grating aperture is developed. The results from this model are in good agreement with experimental filters formed with… (More)