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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The colonic microflora is involved in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) but less than 30% of the microflora can be cultured. We investigated potential differences in the faecal microflora between patients with colonic CD in remission (n=9), patients with active colonic CD (n=8), and healthy volunteers (n=16) using culture(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It is important to determine whether infliximab therapy can be safely interrupted in patients with Crohn's disease who have undergone a period of prolonged remission. We assessed the risk of relapse after infliximab therapy was discontinued in patients on combined maintenance therapy with antimetabolites and identified factors associated(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The spinal nociceptive RIII reflex, an exteroceptive cutaneous-muscular flexion reflex, is powerfully and specifically inhibited by painful heterotopic somatic stimuli. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of nonpainful and painful visceral stimuli on this reflex. METHODS In nine healthy volunteers, the effects of five(More)
BACKGROUND The mucosa-associated microbiota, being very close to the inflammatory process associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), may have a pathogenic role. We used a culture-independent method to analyze the mucosa-associated microbiota in IBD patients at various points of the distal digestive tract. METHODS Thirty-five patients (20 with(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral hypersensitivity has been evidenced in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but its mechanisms remain poorly elucidated. We investigated the spinal transmission of nociceptive signals in IBS patients by analysing the effects of rectal distensions on electromyographic recordings of the somatic nociceptive flexion (RIII) reflex, an(More)
We measured gastric emptying of fat and water from a solid-liquid meal in healthy volunteers using a tubeless scintigraphic method. Selenium-75 glycerol triether, incorporated in butter, was the lipid-phase marker, and technetium-99m, ingested with 250 ml water, the non-lipid phase marker. In seven of these subjects we also measured the gastric emptying of(More)
We previously showed that gastric distension inhibits the somatic nociceptive flexion RIII reflex. To explore further the viscerosomatic interactions, we tested in the present study the effects of rectal distensions on RIII reflexes. Rapid and slow-ramp rectal distensions were performed in 10 healthy volunteers with an electronic barostat. The RIII reflex(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Celiac disease is a gluten-induced enteropathy characterized by the presence of gliadin-specific CD4(+) T cells in the lamina propria and by a prominent intraepithelial T-cell infiltration of unknown mechanism. The aim of this study was to characterize the subset(s) of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) expanding during active celiac(More)
OBJECTIVE Prediction of the clinical course of Crohn's disease (CD) is difficult in the long term. Our aim was to determine whether the presence of severe endoscopic lesions (SELs) may predict a higher risk of colectomy and penetrating complications. METHODS All patients at our institution with active ileocoIonic CD who had colonoscopies between 1990 and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The position of capsule endoscopy (CE) relative to push enteroscopy (PE) in the diagnostic algorithm of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding is unclear, as previous studies involved the use of both techniques in all patients. We therefore conducted a trial in which patients were randomized to undergo one or other exploration. METHODS All(More)