Raymond J Turner

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We report the identification of the proteins encoded by the mttABC operon (formerly yigTUW), which mediate a novel Sec-independent membrane targeting and translocation system in Escherichia coli that interacts with cofactor-containing redox proteins having a S/TRRXFLK "twin arginine" leader motif. A pleiotropic-negative mutant in mttA prevents the(More)
Metals have been used as antimicrobial agents since antiquity, but throughout most of history their modes of action have remained unclear. Recent studies indicate that different metals cause discrete and distinct types of injuries to microbial cells as a result of oxidative stress, protein dysfunction or membrane damage. Here, we describe the chemical and(More)
The sequenced members of a novel family of small, hydrophobic, bacterial multidrug-resistance efflux proteins, which we have designated the small multidrug resistance (SMR) protein family, are identified and analysed. Two distinct clusters of proteins were identified within this family: (i) small multidrug efflux systems; and (ii) Sug proteins, potentially(More)
The transport and targeting of a number of periplasmic proteins is carried out by the Sec-independent Mtt (also referred to as Tat) protein translocase. Proteins using this translocase have a distinct twin-arginine-containing leader. We hypothesized that specific leader-binding proteins exist to escort proteins to the translocase complex. A fusion was(More)
In this work, two biosurfactant-producing strains, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis, have been characterized. Both strains were able to grow at high salinity conditions and produce biosurfactants up to 10% NaCl. Both extracted-enriched biosurfactants showed good surface tension reduction of water, from 72 to 26–30 mN/m, low critical micelle(More)
Microbial metabolism of inorganics has been the subject of interest since the 1970s when it was recognized that bacteria are involved in the transformation of metal compounds in the environment. This area of research is generally referred to as bioinorganic chemistry or microbial biogeochemistry. Here, we overview the way the chalcogen metalloids Se and Te(More)
This is a survey paper on various weak systems of Feferman’s explicit mathematics and their proof theory. The strength of the systems considered in measured in terms of their provably terminating operations typically belonging to some natural classes of computational time or space complexity.
Microbes frequently live within multicellular, solid surface-attached assemblages termed biofilms. These microbial communities have architectural features that contribute to population heterogeneity and consequently to emergent cell functions. Therefore, three-dimensional (3D) features of biofilm structure are important for understanding the physiology and(More)