Raymond J. A. Buhr

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This paper presents a novel, scenario-based notation called Use Case Maps (UCMs) for describing, in a high-level way, how the organizational structure of a complex system and the emergent behavior of the system are intertwined. The notation is not a behavior specification technique in the ordinary sense, but a notation for helping a person to visualize,(More)
Functional scenarios describing system views, uses, or services are a common way of capturing requirements of distributed systems. However, integrating individual scenarios in different ways may result in different kinds of unexpected or undesirable interactions. In this paper, we present an innovative approach based on the combined use of two notations.(More)
Muscle structure and blood enzyme activity were studied to 16 wk of age in lines of turkeys selected for rapid growth. The body and carcass weights were measured, frozen sections of breast and leg muscles examined, and plasma creatine kinase (CK) levels determined. Muscle weights were usually proportional to BW except for the relatively larger superficial(More)
Three sets of experiments were conducted to explore the increase in recovery of Campylobacter from broiler carcasses after defeathering. In the first set of experiments, live broilers obtained from a commercial processor were transported to a pilot plant, and breast skin was sampled by a sponge wipe method before and after defeathering. One of 120 broiler(More)
Campylobacter is a human pathogen commonly found on live broilers and processed carcasses. To plan effective intervention strategies, it would be helpful to know which Campylobacter populations are associated with the external and internal organs of broilers. Six carcasses were collected after exiting the bleed tunnel at a commercial broiler plant on each(More)
Previous studies have shown that inducing a molt using feed removal exacerbated an intestinal infection by Salmonella enteritidis (SE). The current study was conducted to determine whether inducing a molt using a molt diet would still cause a pause in egg laying but not exacerbate an intestinal SE infection. In Experiments 1 and 2, hens were either provided(More)
The influence of time off feed on broiler viscera weight, intestinal diameter, and shear was studied by subjecting market-age male broilers (42, 44, or 48 d) to incremental feed withdrawal periods (0, 6, 12, 18, or 24 h). Body weight was determined prior to feed withdrawal and at the time of processing. After slaughter, scalding, and defeathering, the(More)
Four trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of hatcher air sanitation utilizing ultraviolet light (UV), ozone, or hydrogen peroxide on bacterial populations, the spread of Salmonella, and hatchability of broiler eggs. The UV light (254 nm, 146 mu W/s) and ozone (0.2 or 0.4 ppm) treatments were continuously applied through the last 3 d of hatch, the(More)