Raymond Hoff

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BACKGROUND Allergenicity of foods can be influenced by processing. Tree nuts are an important source of nutrition and increasingly consumed; however, processing methods are quite variable and data are currently lacking on the effects of processing on allergenicity. OBJECTIVE To perform a systematic literature review on the effects of food processing on(More)
There has been considerable debate over what evidence from preclinical and clinical studies is required to advance an HIV vaccine candidate to phase III efficacy testing. Given this situation, conduct of intermediate-size trials is proposed as a method for assessing the plausibility that a vaccine candidate would prevent chronic HIV infection. Designed to(More)
In order to prove the efficacy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccines, it will be necessary to do large-scale trials in populations at high risk of acquiring HIV infection. The choice of objectives and end points and their measurement will be key to the design of efficacy trials. To address these issues, the National Institute of Allergy and(More)
UNLABELLED This study investigates the sources of fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 μm; PM(2.5)) composition for the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area, covering a 6-year period (2008-2013). Data obtained from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Air Quality System (AQS) were used for the identification of eight chemical(More)