Raymond H. H. Pieters

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In vitro methods are common and widely used for screening and ranking chemicals, and have also been taken into account sporadically for risk assessment purposes in the case of food additives. However, the range of food-associated compounds amenable to in vitro toxicology is considered much broader, comprising not only natural ingredients, including those(More)
Di-n-butyltin dichloride (DBTC) and tri-n-butyltin chloride (TBTC) cause thymus atrophy in rodents. At low doses, antiproliferative modes of action have been shown to be involved, whereas at higher doses apoptosis seems to be the mechanism of thymotoxicity by these chemicals. In vitro, a similar concentration-dependency has been observed. The purpose of the(More)
The ubiquitous presence of the polycyclic musks AHTN (6-acetyl-1,1,2,4,4,7-hexamethyltetraline) and HHCB (1,2,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8-hexamethylcyclopenta-gamma-2-b enzopyreen) in surface waters and their identification in human milk fat together with their polycyclic nature, which makes them potential candidates for interference with estrogen(More)
Exposure to certain drugs and environmental chemicals can provoke the onset of autoimmune disease in susceptible individuals by releasing (self) epitopes for which tolerance has not been established, while simultaneously providing the necessary adjuvant activity. The resulting response type is influenced by the genotype of exposed individuals and relates to(More)
Certain particulate air pollutants may play an important role in the increasing prevalence of respiratory allergy by stimulating T helper 2 cell (Th2)-mediated immune responses to common antigens. The study described here examined different particles, diesel exhaust particles (DEP), carbon black particles (CBP), and silica particles (SIP) for their(More)
The implementation of Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of new and existing Chemicals (REACH) will increase the number of laboratory animals used, if alternative methods will not be available. In the meantime, REACH promotes the use of in vitro tests and, therefore, a set of appropriated alternative testing methods and assessment strategies are(More)
A considerable number of drugs is able to induce systemic hypersensitivity in man. Systemic hypersensitivity can be drug- or autoantigen-specific, but in either case a complex of immunological processes and predisposing factors are involved and it is rarely if ever noticed in standard toxicity testing. The popliteal lymph node assay (PLNA) is regarded a(More)
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is a persistent environmental pollutant with toxic effects in man and rat. Reported adverse effects are hepatic porphyria, neurotoxicity, and adverse effects on the reproductive and immune system. To obtain more insight into HCB-induced mechanisms of toxicity, we studied gene expression levels using DNA microarrays. For 4 weeks,(More)
Ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure is associated with respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To what extent such effects are different for PM obtained from different sources or locations is still unclear. This study investigated the in vitro toxicity of ambient PM collected at different sites in the Netherlands in relation to PM(More)
BACKGROUND Food allergy affects approximately 5% of children and is the leading cause of hospitalization for anaphylactic reactions in westernized countries. The mucosal adjuvant cholera toxin induces allergic sensitization to co-administered proteins in mice, while feeding the protein alone induces oral tolerance. Intestinal γδ T cells could be of(More)