Raymond E. March

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Gonadal intersex and high prevalences of the female phenotype have been observed in fish populations in urbanized areas. Environmental estrogens discharged in sewage treatment plant effluents may be responsible for feminization of fish but many compounds with the potential to induce these responses occur in effluents, including natural and synthetic(More)
A concise introduction is presented to the theory and application of quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry. The presentation of the theoretical treatment is based on a demonstration of the equivalence of the force acting on an ion in a quadrupole Ðeld and the force derived from the Mathieu equation ; this equivalence permits the application of the solutions(More)
Surface extracts of the leaves of five species in the Umbelliferae,Citrus limon (Rutaceae), andPsoralea bituminosa (Leguminosae) were examined for the presence of coumarins, after a previous study had shown the presence of three psoralens. In the current investigation eight more coumarins were identified by mass spectrometric techniques: the simple(More)
The extraordinary story of the three-dimensional radiofrequency quadrupole ion trap, accompanied by a seemingly unintelligible theoretical treatment, is told in some detail because of the quite considerable degree of commercial success that quadrupole technology has achieved. The quadrupole ion trap, often used in conjunction with a quadrupole mass filter,(More)
The computer simulation of single-ion trajectories using a number of computer programs is described together with associated theory. The programs permit calculation of ion trajectories while the ion is subjected to collisions with buffer gas of variable pressure, resonance excitation in any of three modes, and static or ramped DC and radiofrequency levels.(More)
Environmental analytical chemistry has recently changed focus from analysis of non-polar, persistent contaminants (e.g. polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins) to more polar and labile compounds that interfere with biological processes. For example, natural and synthetic estrogens and their metabolites have been detected in sewage treatment plant effluents(More)
Herein are presented the (1)H and (13)C NMR data for seven monohydroxyflavones (3-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 2'-, 3'-, and 4'-hydroxyflavone), five dihydroxyflavones (3,2'-, 3,3'-, 3,4'-, 3,6-, 2',3'-dihydroxyflavone), a trihydroxyflavone (apigenin; 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone), a tetrahydroxyflavone (luteolin; 5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone), and three glycosylated(More)
A mass spectrometric method based on the combined use of electrospray ionization, collision-induced dissociation and tandem mass spectrometry has been applied to the structural characterization of the flavone triglycoside, robinin (3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavone-3-O-robinoside-7-O-rhamnoside). The deprotonated molecule fragments by loss of the rhamnose glycan(More)
Salt cluster ions formed from 0.05 M solutions of CaCl(2), CuCl(2) and Na(A)B (where A = 1 or 2 and B = CO(3)(2-), HCO(3)(-), H(2)PO(4)(-) and HPO(4)(2-)) were studied by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The effects on salt cluster ions of droplet pH and of redox reactions induced by electrospray provide information on the electrospray(More)
A method is presented for the estimation of 13C-chemical shifts for carbon atoms in protonated and deprotonated molecules; in principle, this method can be applied to ions in general. Experimental 13C-chemical shifts were found to vary linearly with computed atomic charges using the PM3 method. Pseudo-13C-chemical shifts for atoms in protonated and(More)