Raymond E. I. Pardede

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scalability by replicating identical packets at routers. However, since its initial proposal the IP-multicast has not been widely enabled due to the slow pace of its deployment. Hence, the application-level multicast concept emerged to solve this deployment issue by shifting the multicast support from routers to end-systems. The article reviews the most(More)
Currently there is a fast increasing need for scalable and efficient group communication technology. The IP-multicast is theoretically optimal for such purposes. However, since the deployment of IP-Multicast is time-consuming and costly, the Application-Layer Multicast (ALM) is offered as a solution. In this article we present the design of ALM system to(More)
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