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Brentano's Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint and Freud's early metapsychology, particularly the Project for a Scientific Psychology, show some interesting similarities. In psychological theory, both men stressed the motivated nature of thought and a conception of a "psychological reality" that is superior to "material reality." Both saw consciousness… (More)
In 1899, Sigmund Freud was virtually unknown in America, and his new book. The Interpretation of Dreams, went unreviewed. A century later, his life and work were the subject of a major exhibition of the U.S. Library of Congress, and he appeared for the third time on the cover of Time magazine. This article describes a few of the intervening events.
This article traces the personal as well as the intellectual and scientific relationship between Charles Darwin and his younger half-cousin Francis Galton. Although they had been on friendly terms as young men, and Darwin had in some ways been a role model for Galton, the two did not share major scientific interests until after the publication of Darwin's… (More)
Sigmund Freud, photographed by A. Max Halberstadt ca. 1921, and the two first pages of the original "Five Lectures on Psychoanalysis" by S. Freud 1910, from Library of Congress. I, the creator of this file, hereby publish it under the following license: You are free to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work, and to make derivative works, under the… (More)
The content validity of the Defense Mechanism Inventory was tested by 20 raters who evaluated each item in terms of which 15 defenses and three ego threats it represented. Items purportedly measuring the global defense categories of principalization, turning against self, and reversal, achieved relatively high rater agreement (over 70%) while projection and… (More)