Raymond Dessoffy

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The specific performance of intrinsic laryngeal muscles has been difficult to evaluate, especially in living subjects. To reproduce natural contractions, we artificially induced orderly recruitment of their innervating axons according to the size principle. In 5 dogs, both recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs) were stimulated with 50 through 10 Hz, 300 to 1000(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular contractility in atrial fibrillation is known to change in a beat to beat fashion, but there is no gold standard for contractility indices in atrial fibrillation, especially those measured non-invasively. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the non-invasive index of contractility "preload-adjusted PWR(max)" (maximal ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the capability of the Myocor Coapsys device (Myocor, Inc, Maple Grove, Minn) to reduce functional mitral regurgitation in a canine model of dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS Functional mitral regurgitation with heart failure was induced in 7 dogs by rapid ventricular pacing. The Coapsys device, which consists of anterior and posterior(More)
OBJECTIVE Occlusion of the left atrial appendage is proposed to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The third-generation atrial exclusion device, modified to provide uniform distribution of pressure at appendage exclusion, was assessed for safety and effectiveness in a canine model and compared with a surgical stapler. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The left atrial appendage is a frequent source of thromboemboli in patients with atrial fibrillation. Exclusion or excision of the left atrial appendage may reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. We evaluated the ability of a novel device to exclude the left atrial appendage during early and intermediate follow-up periods(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of the Myocor Coapsys device to restore leaflet apposition and valve competency off-pump in a canine model of functional mitral regurgitation (MR). DESCRIPTION The Coapsys device was surgically implanted in 10 dogs after MR induction by rapid ventricular pacing. The Coapsys consists of anterior(More)
OBJECTIVE Continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have been introduced and tested as a bridge to heart transplantation, bridge to recovery, and destination therapy, and several studies have been conducted to assess the physiologic effects of continuous flow LVADs. However, the effect of reduced pulsatility on the phasic coronary blood flow(More)
OBJECTIVE Augmentation of left ventricular (LV) contractility and heart rate (HR) by sympathetic nerve stimulation and amelioration of heart failure by vagal nerve stimulation has been reported. However, the effects of concomitant electrical stimulation of both sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac nerves in tissues such as those of the cardiac plexus(More)
BACKGROUND The left atrial appendage is a frequent source of thromboemboli in patients with atrial fibrillation. Exclusion of the left atrial appendage may reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The atrial exclusion device, previously developed to perform left atrial appendage exclusion on a beating heart, was modified to(More)
BACKGROUND Canine and porcine hearts have been widely used to investigate diagnoses, interventions, and surgical therapies for ischemic heart disease. Dogs and pigs are known to vary with regard to the anatomic distribution of their coronary arteries. However, the mechanisms of these differences and the differing phasic coronary blood flow patterns between(More)