Raymond Deborah Torres

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I use data from the ECHP to assess the effects of adult training on individual labour market performance. Although I find that employee training has a clear impact on wage growth only in the case of young or highly educated employees, it appears to have a stronger impact on employment security in the case of both older and low-educated workers. The(More)
There is no or limited consensus on the quantitative impact of institutions on unemployment, which has led some to question the case for structural reforms. Recent studies suggest also that institutions interact with each other and cannot be analysed in isolation. In this paper, we estimate a standard reduced-form model to explore the institutional(More)
We conducted sprinkler irrigation experiments on a low-tide marsh to investigate the effects of rainfall on the redistribution of organic matter (OM) and nutrients in the intertidal zone. We irrigated 1-ϫ 2-m plots at high-marsh, low-marsh, and channel bank sites and flood-irrigated 1-ϫ 3-m plots in the high marsh and low marsh. We measured particulate(More)
Pursuant to Article 1 of the Convention signed in Paris on 14th December 1960, and which came into force on 30th September 1961, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) shall promote policies designed: – to achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employment and a rising standard of living in Member countries, while(More)
This paper studies how minimum wage policies affect firm employment in China using a unique county level minimum wage data set matched to disaggregated firm survey data. We investigate both the effect of imposing a minimum wage, and the effect of the policies that tightened enforcement in 2004. We find that the average effect of minimum wage changes is(More)
  • R Torres
  • 1997
Ecuador's national campaign to reduce maternal mortality seeks the participation of public and private health institutions, international organizations, the mass media, and the community at large. The plan is supported by several national and international accords. The province of Esmeraldas, with its elevated maternal mortality, will receive particular(More)