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Cell transplantation is one way of limiting the progress of retinal degeneration in animal models of blinding diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here we transplanted a human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell line into the subretinal space of one such model, the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat, and(More)
It has been shown that photoreceptor degeneration can be limited in experimental animals by transplantation of fresh RPE to the subretinal space. There is also evidence that retinal cell transplants can be used to reconstruct retinal circuitry in dystrophic animals. Here we describe and review recent developments that highlight the necessary steps that(More)
PURPOSE To examine whether congenic Schwann cells grafted into the subretinal space of dystrophic Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats can prevent photoreceptor loss and maintain visual function. METHODS Purified neonatal Schwann cells derived from congenic rats were grafted into the subretinal space of 3- to 4-week-old dystrophic RCS rats. Graft(More)
The Royal College of Surgeons rat has a retinal pigment epithelial cell defect which causes a progressive loss of rods occurring primarily over the first few months of life. We have studied the consequences of this degenerative process on visual sensitivity across the visual field. Sensitivities were determined in the superior colliculus for unit responses(More)
The effects of a variety of developmental manipulations on the distribution of the callosal pathway to visual cortex were examined by using the Fink Heimer technique in adult rats. First, the callosal projections in albino and pigmented rats were compared and found to be similar. The callosal pathway was limited in area 17 to a region adjoining its lateral(More)
The development of retinofugal projections has been examined in albino and hooded rat embryos from embryonic day 16 to birth (E21.5). Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was injected intraocularly through the uterine wall and its anterograde transport revealed with TMB and DAB. The retrograde transport of HRP or the fluorescent dyes Nuclear yellow, Fast blue and(More)
We have used the P23H line 1 homozygous albino rat to study how progressive photoreceptor degeneration affects rod and cone relay pathways. We examined P23H retinas at different stages of degeneration by confocal microscopy of immunostained sections and electroretinogram (ERG) recordings. By 21 days of age in the P23H rat retina, there is already(More)
BACKGROUND A promising clinical application for stem and progenitor cell transplantation is in rescue therapy for degenerative diseases. This strategy seeks to preserve rather than restore host tissue function by taking advantage of unique properties often displayed by these versatile cells. In studies using different neurodegenerative disease models,(More)
We have examined the time course of maturation of embryonic tectal tissue transplanted to the midbrain region of newborn rats and studied the development of the host retinal projection to the grafts. Transplants were examined 2-19 days after transplantation. The morphology of developing transplants was studied using Holmes silver and neutral red stained(More)
Most cell of the dorsal laterial geniculate nucleus of rats are generated on fetal days 12 to 14. Their axons invade the telencephalon on fetal day 16 and run in the intermediate zone just below the cortical plate, reaching the visual area of fetal day 18. The axons do not invade the cortical plate significantly until close to birth (day 22 of gestation)(More)