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The carAB operon of Escherichia coli K-12, which encodes the two subunits of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (glutamine hydrolyzing) [carbon-dioxide: L-glutamine amido-ligase (ADP-forming, carbamate-phosphorylating); EC 6.3.5.5], is cumulatively repressed by arginine and the pyrimidines. We describe the structure of the control region of carAB and the(More)
The 12 genes which in E. coli K-12 constitute the arginine regulon are organized in nine transcriptional units all of which contain in their 5' non-coding region two 18 bp partially conserved imperfect palindromes (ARG boxes) which are the target sites for binding of the repressor, a hexameric protein. In vitro binding experiments with purified repressor (a(More)
A basic challenge in cell biology is to understand how interconnected metabolic pathways are regulated to provide the adequate cellular outcome when changing levels of metabolites and enzyme expression. In Escherichia coli, the arginine and pyrimidine biosynthetic pathways are connected through a common metabolite provided by a single enzyme. The different(More)
Forty-four sequences of ornithine carbamoyltransferases (OTCases) and 33 sequences of aspartate carbamoyltransferases (ATCases) representing the three domains of life were multiply aligned and a phylogenetic tree was inferred from this multiple alignment. The global topology of the composite rooted tree (each enzyme family being used as an outgroup to root(More)
The genes coding for aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) in the deep-sea hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi were cloned by complementation of a pyrB Escherichia coli mutant. The sequence revealed the existence of a pyrBI operon, coding for a catalytic chain and a regulatory chain, as in Enterobacteriaceae. Comparison of primary sequences of the(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic engineering aims at channeling the metabolic fluxes towards a desired compound. An important strategy to achieve this is the modification of the expression level of specific genes. Several methods for the modification or the replacement of promoters have been proposed, but most of them involve time-consuming screening steps. We describe(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the genes encoding the enzyme aspartate transcarbamoylase (ATCase) from Pseudomonas putida have been determined. Our results confirm that the P. putida ATCase is a dodecameric protein composed of two types of polypeptide chains translated coordinately from overlapping genes. The P. putida ATCase does not possess dissociable(More)
We compare the nucleotide sequences of the regulatory regions of five genes or groups of genes of the arginine regulon of Escherichia coli K-12: argF, argI, argR, the bipolar argECBH operon and the carAB operon. All these regions harbour one or two copies of a conserved 18 bp sequence which appears to constitute the basic arginine operator sequence (ARG(More)
Analysis of the response to arginine of the Escherichia coli K-12 transcriptome by microarray hybridization and real-time quantitative PCR provides the first coherent quantitative picture of the ArgR-mediated repression of arginine biosynthesis and uptake genes. Transcriptional repression was shown to be the major control mechanism of the biosynthetic(More)