Raymond Counis

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We have studied a kindred with three siblings with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism caused by compound heterozygote mutations in the GnRH receptor gene. The disorder was transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. The R262Q mutation in intracellular loop 3 of the receptor was associated with a mutation in the third transmembrane domain of the(More)
The gonadotrope-specific and regulated expression of the GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) gene is dependent on multiple transcription factors that interact with the noncanonical GnRH-R activating sequence (GRAS), the activator protein-1 (AP-1) element, and the steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) binding site. However, these three elements are not sufficient to mediate the(More)
Growth factors are known to play diverse roles in steroidogenesis, a process regulated by the mitochondrial steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein. The mechanism of action of one such growth factor, IGF-I, was investigated in mouse Leydig tumor (mLTC-1) cells to determine its potential role in the regulation of StAR expression. mLTC-1 cells treated(More)
To determine the site and mechanism of action of gonadal steroids on pituitary nitric oxide synthase type I (NOS I), present in both gonadotrophs and folliculo-stellate cells, the effects of castration and steroids were examined in male rats, in the presence of a GnRH antagonist (Antarelix). Western analysis showed a rapid and substantial increase with(More)
We describe a woman with complete hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and a new compound heterozygous mutation of the GnRH receptor (GnRHR) gene. A null mutation L314X leading to a partial deletion of the seventh transmembrane domain of the GnRHR is associated with a Q106R mutation previously described. L314X mutant receptor shows neither measurable binding nor(More)
The activity of pituitary gonadotrope cells, crucial for reproductive function, is regulated by numerous factors including signals related to nutritional status. In this work, we demonstrated, for the first time, that in vivo central exposure of rats to lipids intracarotid infusion of a heparinized triglyceride emulsion selectively increases the expression(More)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) result from the assembly of a common subunit alpha and a unique subunit beta, expressed in the same cell by single, structurally-related genes. In order to compare the intrinsic stability of the alpha, LH beta and FSH beta mRNA transcripts, we used cultured rat pituitary cells incubated in(More)
The GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) plays a central role in mammalian reproductive function throughout adulthood. It also appears as an early marker gene of the presumptive gonadotrope lineage in developing pituitary. Here, using transient transfections combined with DNA/protein interaction assays, we have delineated cis-acting elements within the rat GnRH-R gene(More)
The identification of gonadal gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRH-R) and evidence of direct inhibitory effects of GnRH agonists upon steroidogenesis in adult rat gonads, lend credence to a putative intragonadal role of a locally secreted GnRH or GnRH-like peptide. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction followed by Southern blot(More)