Raymond C. Rancourt

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The beneficial effects of supplemental oxygen delivered to patients suffering from acute respiratory distress is offset by its reduction to genotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) that inhibit proliferation and kill pulmonary cells. Cells respond to oxygen-induced damage by expressing the tumor suppressor p53 and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor(More)
Sulfur mustard (bis-2-(chloroethyl) sulfide; SM) is a highly reactive vesicating and alkylating chemical warfare agent. A SM analog, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), has been utilized to elucidate mechanisms of toxicity and as a screen for therapeutics. Previous studies with SM and CEES have demonstrated a role for oxidative stress as well as decreased(More)
Although oxygen is required for normal aerobic respiration, hyperoxia (95% O(2)/5% CO(2)) damages DNA, inhibits proliferation in G1, S and G2 phases of the cell cycle, and induces necrosis. The current study examines whether growth arrest in G1 protects pulmonary epithelial cells from oxidative DNA damage and cell death. Mv1Lu pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells(More)
Previous studies have shown that hyperoxia inhibits proliferation and increases the expression of the tumor suppressor p53 and its downstream target, the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(CIP1/WAF1), which inhibits proliferation in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. To determine whether growth arrest was mediated through activation of the p21-dependent G1(More)
The effect of hyperoxia on levels of DNA damage and global DNA methylation was examined in lung epithelial-like A549 cells. DNA damage was assessed by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) and DNA methylation status by the cytosine extension assays. Cells exposed to ionizing radiation (0, 1, 2, 4, or 8 Gy) showed increasing rates of percentage(More)
Acute lung injury is a principal cause of morbidity and mortality in response to mustard gas (SM) inhalation. Obstructive, fibrin-containing airway casts have recently been reported in a rat inhalation model employing the SM analog 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES). The present study was designed to identify the mechanism(s) causing activation of the(More)
Calcium mobilization can regulate a wide range of essential functions of respiratory epithelium, including ion transport, ciliary beat frequency, and secretion of mucus, all of which are modified in cystic fibrosis (CF). SERCA2, an important controller of calcium signaling, is deficient in CF epithelium. We conducted this study to determine whether SERCA2(More)
High concentrations of O(2) inhibit epithelial cell proliferation that resumes on recovery in room air. To determine whether growth arrest is mediated by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), changes in cell proliferation during exposure to hyperoxia were assessed in the mink lung epithelial cell line Mv1Lu and the clonal variant R1B, which is(More)
Tissue factor (TF) initiates the extrinsic coagulation cascade and is a high-affinity receptor for coagulation factor VII. TF also participates in protease-activated receptor (PAR)1 and PAR2 activation. Human epithelial basal cells were previously purified on the basis of TF expression. The purpose of this study was to determine if tracheobronchial(More)
The persistent and viscous nature of airway secretions in cystic fibrosis (CF) disease leads to airway obstruction, opportunistic infection, and deterioration of lung function. Thioredoxin (Trx) is a protein disulfide reductase that catalyzes numerous thiol-dependent cellular reductive processes. To determine whether Trx can alter the rheological properties(More)