Raymond C. Rancourt

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The beneficial effects of supplemental oxygen delivered to patients suffering from acute respiratory distress is offset by its reduction to genotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) that inhibit proliferation and kill pulmonary cells. Cells respond to oxygen-induced damage by expressing the tumor suppressor p53 and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor(More)
Previous studies have shown that hyperoxia inhibits proliferation and increases the expression of the tumor suppressor p53 and its downstream target, the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(CIP1/WAF1), which inhibits proliferation in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. To determine whether growth arrest was mediated through activation of the p21-dependent G1(More)
RATIONALE Sulfur mustard (SM) is a frequently used chemical warfare agent, even in modern history. SM inhalation causes significant respiratory tract injury, with early complications due to airway obstructive bronchial casts, akin to those seen after smoke inhalation and in single-ventricle physiology. This process with SM is poorly understood because(More)
Sulfur mustard (bis-2-(chloroethyl) sulfide; SM) is a highly reactive vesicating and alkylating chemical warfare agent. A SM analog, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), has been utilized to elucidate mechanisms of toxicity and as a screen for therapeutics. Previous studies with SM and CEES have demonstrated a role for oxidative stress as well as decreased(More)
The effect of hyperoxia on levels of DNA damage and global DNA methylation was examined in lung epithelial-like A549 cells. DNA damage was assessed by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) and DNA methylation status by the cytosine extension assays. Cells exposed to ionizing radiation (0, 1, 2, 4, or 8 Gy) showed increasing rates of percentage(More)
Although oxygen is required for normal aerobic respiration, hyperoxia (95% O(2)/5% CO(2)) damages DNA, inhibits proliferation in G1, S and G2 phases of the cell cycle, and induces necrosis. The current study examines whether growth arrest in G1 protects pulmonary epithelial cells from oxidative DNA damage and cell death. Mv1Lu pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells(More)
Tissue factor (TF) initiates the extrinsic coagulation cascade and is a high-affinity receptor for coagulation factor VII. TF also participates in protease-activated receptor (PAR)1 and PAR2 activation. Human epithelial basal cells were previously purified on the basis of TF expression. The purpose of this study was to determine if tracheobronchial(More)
Acute lung injury is a principal cause of morbidity and mortality in response to mustard gas (SM) inhalation. Obstructive, fibrin-containing airway casts have recently been reported in a rat inhalation model employing the SM analog 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES). The present study was designed to identify the mechanism(s) causing activation of the(More)
UNLABELLED Sulfur mustard (SM) inhalation causes airway injury, with enhanced vascular permeability, coagulation, and airway obstruction. The objective of this study was to determine whether recombinant tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) could inhibit this pathogenic sequence. METHODS Rats were exposed to the SM analog 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide(More)
Vesicating agents sulfur mustard (SM) and nitrogen mustard (NM) are reported to be easily absorbed by skin upon exposure causing severe cutaneous injury and blistering. Our studies show that topical exposure of NM (3.2mg) onto SKH-1 hairless mouse skin, not only caused skin injury, but also led to significant body weight loss and 40-80% mortality (120 h(More)