Raymond A. Deems

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expressed on spinal microglia and astrocytes has been suggested to play an important role in the regulation of pain signalling. The purpose of the present work was to examine the links between TLR4, glial activation and spinal release of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF), and the(More)
Several complementary physical techniques have been used to characterize the aggregate structures formed in solutions containing dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC)/dihexanoylphosphatidylcholine (DHPC) at ratios of < or =0.5 and to establish their morphology and lipid organization as that of bicelles. (31)P NMR studies showed that the DMPC and DHPC(More)
The LIPID MAPS Consortium (www.lipidmaps.org) is developing comprehensive procedures for identifying all lipids of the macrophage, following activation by endotoxin. The goal is to quantify temporal and spatial changes in lipids that occur with cellular metabolism and to develop bioinformatic approaches that establish dynamic lipid networks. To achieve(More)
Arachidonic acid is released by phospholipase A(2) and converted into hundreds of distinct bioactive mediators by a variety of cyclooxygenases (COX), lipoxygenases (LO), and cytochrome P450s. Because of the size and diversity of the eicosanoid class of signaling molecules produced, a thorough and systematic investigation of these biological processes(More)
A lysophospholipase (LysoPLA I) has been purified and characterized from the mouse macrophage-like P388D1 cell line (Zhang, Y. Y, and Dennis, E. A. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 9965-9972). This enzyme has now been sequenced, cloned, and expressed in Escherichia coli cells. The enzyme contains 230 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 24.7(More)
We report the lipidomic response of the murine macrophage RAW cell line to Kdo(2)-lipid A, the active component of an inflammatory lipopolysaccharide functioning as a selective TLR4 agonist and compactin, a statin inhibitor of cholesterol biosynthesis. Analyses of lipid molecular species by dynamic quantitative mass spectrometry and concomitant(More)
The Group IVA (GIVA) phospholipase A(2) associates with natural membranes in response to an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) along with increases in certain lipid mediators. This enzyme associates with the membrane surface as well as binding a single phospholipid molecule in the active site for catalysis. Employing deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, we(More)
Deuterium exchange mass spectrometric evaluation of the cobra venom (Naja naja naja) group IA phospholipase A 2 (GIA PLA 2) was carried out in the presence of metal ions Ca (2+) and Ba (2+) and phospholipid vesicles. Novel conditions for digesting highly disulfide bonded proteins and a methodology for studying protein-lipid interactions using deuterium(More)
The kinetics of the Ca2+-dependent, alkaline pH optimum, membrane-bound phospholipase A2 from the P388D1 macrophage-like cell line were studied using various phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) substrates. This enzyme exhibits "surface dilution kinetics" toward PC in Triton X-100 mixed micelles, and the "dual phospholipid model" was(More)