Raymond A. Allen

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Cytochrome b comprising 91-kDa and 22-kDa subunits is a critical component of the membrane-bound oxidase of phagocytes that generates superoxide. This important microbicidal system is impaired in inherited disorders known as chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Previously we determined the sequence of the larger subunit from the cDNA of the CGD gene, the X(More)
Subcellular fractions were prepared from human neutrophils desensitized at 15 degrees C with stimulatory doses of the photoaffinity derivative F-Met-Leu-Phe-N epsilon-(2-(rho-azido[125I]salicylamido)ethyl-1,3'- dithio-propionyl)-Lys. The covalently labeled receptors were found in a membrane fraction of higher density than those from cells preexposed to(More)
Isolated purified plasma membrane domains from unstimulated human neutrophils were photoaffinity labeled with F-Met-Leu-Phe-N epsilon-(2-(p-azido-[125I]salicylamido)ethyl- 1,3'-dithiopropionyl)-Lys also referred to as FMLPL-SASD[125I]. Most of the photoaffinity-labeled N-formyl peptide receptors were found in light plasma membrane fraction (PM-L) which has(More)
When dihydrocytochalasin (dhCB) was added either prior to or after CHO-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP), the rate and duration of superoxide production in human granulocytes stimulated by fMLP was augmented. This effect was maximal when dhCB was added before fMLP, increasing the rate 1.5-3-fold. The effect of dhCB was progressively diminished for later additions and was(More)
The N-formyl peptide receptor mediates a number of host defensive responses of human neutrophils that result in chemotaxis, secretion of hydrolytic enzymes, and superoxide generation. Inappropriate activation or defective regulation of these responses can result in pathogenic states responsible for inflammatory disease. The receptor is a 50 to 70-kD,(More)
A new superior photoaffinity ligand for the N-formyl peptide receptor was prepared by derivatization of N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-Lys with a commercially available heterobifunctional crosslinking agent. The product, N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-N epsilon-(2-(p-azidosalicylamido)ethyl-1,3'- dithiopropionyl)-Lys was readily synthesized and radiolabelled, and had increased(More)
We studied the interaction of amiodarone hydrochloride (Cordarone) and its major metabolite desethylamiodarone with the muscarinic receptor in purified canine cardiac sarcolemmal vesicles by measuring equilibrium binding of the muscarinic antagonist [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) and carbachol displacement of [3H]-QNB. At a [3H]-QNB concentration of 0.02(More)
We have developed a unilamellar phospholipid vesicle system which contains the N-formyl peptide receptor and GTP binding proteins. Several detergents were investigated but only two, octyl glucoside (35 mM) and deoxycholate (7.5 mM), were capable of extracting N-formyl peptide receptor from neutrophil membranes in a form which remained functionally active(More)