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OBJECTIVE Approximately 40% of women who smoke tobacco quit smoking during pregnancy, yet up to 85% relapse after delivery. Those who resume smoking often do so by 2 to 8 weeks postpartum. Smoking mothers are more than twice as likely to quit breastfeeding by 10 weeks postpartum. The hospitalization of a newborn, while stressful, is an opportunity to(More)
A double-blind study comparing zopiclone and triazolam, in 48 healthy, chronic insomniacs, was undertaken in two centers to compare the hypnotic and withdrawal effects of both compounds. Comparable doses of 7.5 mg zopiclone and 0.25 mg triazolam were given at bedtime for 21 nights after a 3 day wash-out period, followed by 4 placebo nights of withdrawal(More)
Fifty adult insomniac shiftworkers (47 males and 3 females) between the ages of 22 and 55 participated in this two-week, double-blind comparative study of the hypnotic properties and effects on mood and work performance of zopiclone 7.5 mg and placebo. All subjects took inactive medication on the first night of the study and then received either zopiclone(More)
Most patients with moderate to severe head injury initially do not tolerate enteral feedings postinjury. This intolerance is more prolonged than that found in patients suffering other types of trauma. The authors prospectively evaluated 12 patients with moderate to severe head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale score between 4 and 10) throughout their(More)
Psychological stress and work-related burnout in staff working with AIDS and with cancer patients were compared using a self-report method of assessment. Measures included the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and the Social Adjustment Scale (SAS-M). More than 80% of those staff who were approached responded to the(More)
Patients with severe head injury have a disruption in metabolic homeostasis that includes increased energy expenditure and increased protein catabolism. These changes have been suggested to occur secondary to steroid administration, immobility, and other factors. A review of investigations indicates that the head injury itself causes these metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Intrapartum drugs, including fentanyl administered via epidural and synthetic oxytocin, have been previously studied in relation to neonatal outcomes, especially breastfeeding, with conflicting results. We examined the normal neonatal behavior of suckling within the first hour after a vaginal birth while in skin-to-skin contact with mother in(More)
milk has been shown to be the best source of nutrition for infants, leading to improved neurodevelopmental outcomes as well as improvements in long-term health. 1,2 For preterm infants it is particularly important to provide a human milk diet. Premature infants fed human milk have decreased rates of necrotizing entero-colitis, nosocomial infections and have(More)