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BACKGROUND & AIMS The liver is a major site of drug metabolism and elimination and as such is susceptible to drug toxicity. Drug induced liver injury is a leading cause of acute liver injury, of which acetaminophen (APAP) is the most frequent causative agent. APAP toxicity is initiated by its toxic metabolite NAPQI. However, downstream mechanisms underlying(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that nitazoxanide (NTZ) added to pegylated interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN) and weight-based ribavirin (WBR) would improve hepatitis C virus (HCV) virologic responses in HCV treatment-naïve HIV-1/HCV genotype 1 coinfected persons. METHODS Prospective, single-arm study in which subjects received 4-week lead-in (NTZ 500 mg twice(More)
BACKGROUND Coinfection with the flavivirus GB virus C (GBV-C) is frequent in patients suffering from HIV type-1 (HIV-1) infection because of shared routes of transmission. GBV-C coinfection has been proposed to exert a beneficial influence on HIV-1 infection. In vitro studies demonstrated down-regulation of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) as a(More)
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