Learn More
  • R Meddis
  • 1986
A probabilistic model is described for transmitter release from hair cells, auditory neuron EPSP's, and discharge patterns. The model assumes that the release fraction of the transmitter is a function of stimulus intensity. It further assumes that some of this transmitter substance is taken back into the cell while some is irretrievably lost from the cleft.(More)
A revised computational model of the inner-hair cell (IHC) and auditory-nerve (AN) complex is presented and evaluated. Building on previous models, the algorithm is intended as a component for use in more comprehensive models of the auditory periphery. It combines smaller components that aim to be faithful to physiology in so far as is practicable and(More)
Human listeners are better able to identify two simultaneous vowels if the fundamental frequencies of the vowels are different. A computational model is presented which, for the first time, is able to simulate this phenomenon at least qualitatively. The first stage of the model is based upon a bank of bandpass filters and inner hair-cell simulators that(More)
A computer model is presented of a neural circuit that replicates amplitude-modulation (AM) sensitivity of cells in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC). The ICC cell is modeled as a point neuron whose input consists of spike trains from a number of simulated ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) chopper cells. Input to the VCN chopper cells is(More)
Cochlear nonlinearity was estimated over a wide range of center frequencies and levels in listeners with normal hearing, using a forward-masking method. For a fixed low-level probe, the masker level required to mask the probe was measured as a function of the masker-probe interval, to produce a temporal masking curve (TMC). TMCs were measured for probe(More)
Some published cochlear filterbanks are nonlinear but are fitted to animal basilar membrane (BM) responses. Others, like the gammatone, are based on human psychophysical data, but are linear. In this article, a human nonlinear filterbank is constructed by adapting a computational model of animal BM physiology to simulate human BM nonlinearity as measured by(More)
Computational algorithms that mimic the response of the basilar membrane must be capable of reproducing a range of complex features that are characteristic of the animal observations. These include complex input output functions that are nonlinear near the site's best frequency, but linear elsewhere. This nonlinearity is critical when using the output of(More)
An approximated physical model of the frequency transfer function of the human concha is developed in this paper. This formulation includes diffraction, reflection, and interference phenomena in the concha cavity. The performance of the proposed diffraction/ reflection model is compared with that of the single-delay-and-add approximation by checking their(More)
Comodulation masking release (CMR) enhances the detection of signals embedded in wideband, amplitude-modulated maskers. At least part of the CMR is attributable to across-frequency processing, however, the relative contribution of different stages in the auditory system to across-frequency processing is unknown. We have measured the responses of single(More)
A computer model is described which simulates some aspects of auditory stream segregation. The model emphasizes the explanatory power of simple physiological principles operating at a peripheral rather than a central level. The model consists of a multi-channel bandpass-filter bank with a "noisy" output and an attentional mechanism that responds selectively(More)