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  • Ray Meddis
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1986
A probabilistic model is described for transmitter release from hair cells, auditory neuron EPSP's, and discharge patterns. The model assumes that the release fraction of the transmitter is a function of stimulus intensity. It further assumes that some of this transmitter substance is taken back into the cell while some is irretrievably lost from the cleft.(More)
Human listeners are better able to identify two simultaneous vowels if the fundamental frequencies of the vowels are different. A computational model is presented which, for the first time, is able to simulate this phenomenon at least qualitatively. The first stage of the model is based upon a bank of bandpass filters and inner hair-cell simulators that(More)
A revised computational model of the inner-hair cell (IHC) and auditory-nerve (AN) complex is presented and evaluated. Building on previous models, the algorithm is intended as a component for use in more comprehensive models of the auditory periphery. It combines smaller components that aim to be faithful to physiology in so far as is practicable and(More)
Some published cochlear filterbanks are nonlinear but are fitted to animal basilar membrane (BM) responses. Others, like the gammatone, are based on human psychophysical data, but are linear. In this article, a human nonlinear filterbank is constructed by adapting a computational model of animal BM physiology to simulate human BM nonlinearity as measured by(More)
Computational algorithms that mimic the response of the basilar membrane must be capable of reproducing a range of complex features that are characteristic of the animal observations. These include complex input output functions that are nonlinear near the site's best frequency, but linear elsewhere. This nonlinearity is critical when using the output of(More)
Licklider [Expcrientia 7, 128-133 (1951 }] presented a theory of pitch highlighting the role of auditory-nerve interspike-interval timing information i the process ofpitch extraction. His theory is simplified and amended and presented here as a computer implementation. This implementation has been successfully tested using simulations of a wide range of(More)
A model of the mechanism of residue pitch perception is revisited. It is evaluated in the context of some new empirical results, and it is proposed that the model is able to reconcile a number of differing approaches in the history of theories of pitch perception. The model consists of four sequential processing stages: peripheral frequency selectivity,(More)
Cochlear nonlinearity was estimated over a wide range of center frequencies and levels in listeners with normal hearing, using a forward-masking method. For a fixed low-level probe, the masker level required to mask the probe was measured as a function of the masker-probe interval, to produce a temporal masking curve (TMC). TMCs were measured for probe(More)
  • Ray Meddis
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 2006
Krisha [J. Acoust. Soc. Am., in press (2006)] has commented that an explanation based on presynaptic calcium accumulation at the inner hair cell is an incorrect explanation for the success of a model of the auditory periphery [Meddis, R., J. Acoustic. Soc. Am. 119, 406-417 (2006)] in explaining data on first-spike auditory nerve latency. This reply accepts(More)
We recently reported that direct subjective ratings of the sense of presence are potentially unstable and can be biased by previous judgments of the same stimuli (Freeman et al., 1999). Objective measures of the behavioral realism elicited by a display offer an alternative to subjective ratings. Behavioral measures and presence are linked by the premise(More)