Learn More
The mammalian ionotropic glutamate receptor family encodes 18 gene products that coassemble to form ligand-gated ion channels containing an agonist recognition site, a transmembrane ion permeation pathway, and gating elements that couple agonist-induced conformational changes to the opening or closing of the permeation pore. Glutamate receptors mediate fast(More)
Receptors for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) are involved in many plastic and pathological processes in the brain. Glycine has been reported to potentiate NMDA responses in neurons and in Xenopus oocytes injected with rat brain messenger RNA. Glycine is now shown to be absolutely required for activation of NMDA receptors in oocytes. In voltage-clamped oocytes,(More)
The GluR2 subunit controls three key features of ion flux through the AMPA subtype of glutamate receptors-calcium permeability, inward rectification, and channel block by external polyamines, but whether each of these features is equally sensitive to GluR2 abundance is unknown. The relations among these properties were compared in native AMPA receptors(More)
1. The CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices bathed in 8.5 mM interstitial K+ ([K+]o) exhibited spontaneous 20- to 90-s electrographic seizures at regular intervals of 1-8 min. In these same slices CA3 neurons generated spontaneous interictal bursts that propagated throughout the pyramidal cell subfields. CA1 electrographic seizures contained components(More)
The factors responsible for the unusual susceptibility of the hippocampus to seizures and ischemic cell damage are not well understood. The CA1 pyramidal subfield of the hippocampus is particularly vulnerable to seizure activity and damage after ischemia. The possibility was examined that regional differences exist in extracellular volume, which might(More)
Intracellular recordings were made from CA1 pyramidal cells in the rat hippocampal slice to study the processes that influence the time course of inhibitory post-synaptic potentials (i.p.s.p.s) mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and conductance changes evoked by ionophoretically applied GABA. The GABA-uptake inhibitors, nipecotic acid and(More)
A variety of polyamine spider and wasp toxins are known to block N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor channels and recombinant alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors that lack the edited glutamate receptor (GluR)2 subunit. Recently, inward rectification of GluR2-lacking AMPA receptors was shown to be caused by voltage-dependent(More)
Long-term depression (LTD) is a well-known form of synaptic plasticity of principal neurons in the mammalian brain. Whether such changes occur in interneurons is still controversial. CA3 hippocampal interneurons expressing Ca2+-permeable AMPA receptors exhibited LTD after tetanic stimulation of CA3 excitatory inputs. LTD was independent of NMDA receptors(More)
(1) In order to investigate the effects of acetylcholine (ACh) on synaptic transmission in the rat hippocampus, extracellular and intracellular recordings were made from pyramidal neurons in an in vitro slice preparation while synaptic inputs to the cell population were stimulated. ACh was applied ionophoretically into somatic and dendritic layers of the(More)
The phenylethanolamines, ifenprodil and CP-101,606, are NMDA receptor antagonists with promising neuroprotective properties. In recombinant NMDA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes, we found that these drugs inhibit NMDA receptors through a unique mechanism, making the receptor more sensitive to inhibition by protons, an endogenous negative modulator.(More)