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BACKGROUND This study evaluated the safety and immune responses to an autologous dendritic cell vaccine pulsed with class I peptides from tumor-associated antigens (TAA) expressed on gliomas and overexpressed in their cancer stem cell population (ICT-107). METHODS TAA epitopes included HER2, TRP-2, gp100, MAGE-1, IL13Rα2, and AIM-2. HLA-A1- and/or(More)
Interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) continues to make a profound impact on the practice of neurosurgery. We describe a new MRI modality, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which uses the diffusion energy of water to map white matter fibers. DTI has been established in other disorders such as metabolic, demyelinating and ischemic diseases. We(More)
High-resolution neuroimaging modalities are used often in studies involving healthy volunteers. Subsequently, a significant increase in the incidental discovery of asymptomatic intracranial abnormalities raised the important ethical issues of when follow-up and treatment may be necessary. We examined the literature to establish a practical set of criteria(More)
BACKGROUND Accommodative dysfunction and convergence insufficiency (CI) are common pediatric vision problems that have been associated with an increase in frequency and severity of vision-specific symptoms that affect children when doing schoolwork. However, the relationship between accommodative dysfunction and CI and other learning problems, such as(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial aneurysm rupture during placement of Guglielmi detachable coils has been reported, but the management and consequences of this event have not been extensively described. We present our experience with this feared complication and report possible neuroradiological and neurosurgical interventions to improve outcomes. METHODS We(More)
High-field strength iMRI guidance is an effective tool for brain tumor resection. Although its use lengthens the average time for a craniotomy, the reward is a more extensive tumor excision compared with conventional neurosurgery without an increased risk to the patient (Table 4). Although intraoperative patient transfer into and out of the magnet is(More)
OBJECT The role of cerebral revascularization remains unclear in symptomatic occlusive cerebrovascular disease refractory to medical therapy. Despite the disappointing findings of the Cooperative Study on Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass, a subpopulation of patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and poor hemodynamic reserve may benefit from(More)
N-face AlGaN (cap)/GaN (channel)/AlGaN (barrier)/GaN (buffer) high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) provide a simple solution for strong confinement of the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) from the back since carriers are induced on top of the AlGaN barrier. To reduce the adverse effects of random alloy scattering from the AlGaN barrier, an N-face(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple radiation-induced cavernous malformations of the cauda equina are extremely rare. A review of the literature suggested that the post-irradiation lumbosacral radiculopathy in our patient was most likely associated with a diagnosis of multiple radiation-induced cavernous malformations of the cauda equina. CASE DESCRIPTION A 76-year-old(More)
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngiomas and similar midline suprasellar tumors have traditionally been resected via transcranial approaches. More recently, expanded endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches have gained interest. Surgeons have advocated for both approaches, and at present there is no consensus whether one approach is superior to the other. The(More)