Ray C Boston

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The aim of this study was to use Monte Carlo simulations to compare logistic regression with propensity scores in terms of bias, precision, empirical coverage probability, empirical power, and robustness when the number of events is low relative to the number of confounders. The authors simulated a cohort study and performed 252,480 trials. In the logistic(More)
The Bergman Minimal Model enables estimation of two key indices of glucose/insulin dynamics: glucose effectiveness and insulin sensitivity. In this paper we describe MINMOD Millennium, the latest Windows-based version of minimal model software. Extensive beta testing of MINMOD Millennium has shown that it is user-friendly, fully automatic, fast, accurate,(More)
Bhopale, V. M., Kupprion, E. K., Ashton, F. T., Boston, R., and Schad, G. A. 2001. Ancylostoma caninum: The finger cell neurons mediate thermotactic behavior by infective larvae of the dog hookworm. Experimental Parasitology 97, 70-76. In the amphids (anteriorly positioned, paired sensilla) of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the so-called(More)
As a basis for studies of thermal behavior of infective larvae (L3) of Haemonchus contortus resulting from ablation of amphidial neurons, the locations of the amphidial cell bodies in the hatchling larva (L1) were compared with their locations in the L3. We sought to verify that killing each targeted cell body in L1 destroys the putative corresponding(More)
Depending on its concentration, sodium chloride acts as either an attractant or a repellant to the infective larvae (L3i) of Strongyloides stercoralis. On a concentration gradient, L3i are attracted to 0.05 M NaCl, but repelled by 2.8M. To test the hypothesis that amphidial neurons ASE and ASH might mediate attraction and repulsion, respectively, these(More)
The parasitic nematode Strongyloides stercoralis, has several alternative developmental pathways. Upon exiting the host (humans, other primates and dogs) in faeces, 1st-stage larvae (L1) can enter the direct pathway, in which they moult twice to reach the infective 3rd-stage. Alternatively, if they enter the indirect pathway, they moult 4 times and become(More)
Resumption of development by infective larvae (L3i) of parasitic nematodes upon entering a host is a critical first step in establishing a parasitic relationship with a definitive host. It is also considered equivalent to exit from the dauer stage by the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Initiation of feeding, an early event in this process, is(More)
Strongyloides stercoralis, a skin-penetrating nematode parasite of homeotherms, migrates to warmth. In nematodes, the amphids, anteriorly positioned, paired sensilla, each contain a bundle of sensory neurons. In the amphids of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, a pair of neurons, each of which ends in a cluster of microvilli-like projections,(More)
We report on a quantitative analysis of electrocorticography data from a study that acquired continuous ambulatory recordings in humans over extended periods of time. The objectives were to examine patterns of seizures and spontaneous interictal spikes, their relationship to each other, and the nature of periodic variation. The recorded data were originally(More)
Matching is used to control for imbalances between groups, but the preferable strategy for matching is not always clear. We sought to compare two algorithms-optimal matching with a fixed number of controls (OMFC), and optimal matching with a variable number of controls (OMVC). We compared the degree of bias reduction and relative precision using Monte Carlo(More)