Ray A Fontanilla

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The fertilization Ca2+ wave in Xenopus laevis is a single, large wave of elevated free Ca2+ that is initiated at the point of sperm-egg fusion and traverses the entire width of the egg. This Ca2+ wave involves an increase in inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) resulting from the interaction of the sperm and egg, which then results in the activation of the(More)
We have used confocal microscopy to examine the [Ca2+]i increase in the albino eggs of the frog Xenopus laevis after fertilization. Eggs were placed in agar wells with their animal poles downward so that fertilization occurred preferentially in the equatorial plane, and confocal microscopy was used to provide a two-dimensional optical section through the(More)
We have measured the initial propagation velocity of the sperm-induced Ca(2+) wave in the egg of Xenopus laevis and have compared it with the initial propagation velocities of the inositol triphosphate (IP(3))-induced and Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) waves. The initial mean propagation velocity of the sperm-induced wave (13 microm/s) is very similar to that of the(More)
In previous studies we have shown that platelets take up low molecular weight molecules from the medium by fluid phase endocytosis, a phenomenon that we previously have used to load trehalose into human platelets, after which we have successfully freeze-dried them. We now extend those findings to a species to be used in animal trials of freeze-dried(More)
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