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Deletion mutagenesis experiments have demonstrated that the binding site of the beta-adrenergic receptor involves the hydrophobic core of the protein (Dixon, R. A. F., Sigal, I. S., Rands, E., Register, R. B., Candelore, M. R., Blake, A. D., and Strader, C. D. (1987) Nature 326, 73-77). Single amino acid replacements for the conserved Asp79 and Asp113(More)
Pharmacophore mapping of the ligand binding domain of the beta-adrenergic receptor has revealed specific molecular interactions which are important for agonist and antagonist binding to the receptor. Previous site-directed mutagenesis experiments have demonstrated that the binding of amine agonists and antagonists to the receptor involves an interaction(More)
Bacterial enhancer binding proteins (bEBPs) are transcriptional activators that assemble as hexameric rings in their active forms and utilize ATP hydrolysis to remodel the conformation of RNA polymerase containing the alternative sigma factor σ(54). We present a comprehensive and detailed summary of recent advances in our understanding of how these(More)
The family of G-protein-linked receptors includes many important pharmacological targets, of which the beta-adrenergic receptor is one of the best characterized. A better understanding of those factors that determine whether a ligand functions as an antagonist or as an agonist would facilitate the development of pharmaceutical agents that act at these(More)
Leukotrienes, the biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid, have been implicated in a variety of inflammatory responses, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis. Recently a compound, MK-886, has been described that blocks the synthesis of leukotrienes in intact activated leukocytes, but has little or no effect on enzymes involved in leukotriene(More)
Receptors that mediate their actions by stimulating guanine nucleotide binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) share structural as well as functional similarities. The structural motif characteristic of receptors of this class includes seven hydrophobic putative transmembrane domains linked by hydrophilic loops. Genetic analysis of the beta-adrenergic(More)
  • R Dixon
  • 1998
The high energetic requirements for nitrogen fixation and the extreme oxygen sensitivity of the nitrogenase enzyme impose physiological constraints on diazotrophy that necessitate stringent control of nitrogen fixation (nif) gene expression at the transcriptional level. In the gamma-subdivision of the Proteobacteria, this control is maintained by a(More)
The binding of agonists and antagonists to the beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) is postulated to involve an ionic interaction between the amine group of the ligand and the carboxylate side chain of Asp113 in the third hydrophobic domain of the receptor. To explore the importance of this interaction in the binding of ligands to the beta AR, a Ser residue(More)
A series of compounds that inhibit the coupling of the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor and the beta 2-adrenergic receptor to the guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) Gi and Gs, respectively, have been identified. This inhibition of G protein coupling was detected by the ability of the compounds to reduce the affinity of these receptors for agonists(More)