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Plasma levels of cortisol were sampled for 24 hours in 32 endogenously depressed (ED) patients and 72 normal controls who also underwent the dexamethasone suppression test. The ED patients had significantly higher mean 24-hour plasma levels of cortisol (means 24h PC). However, means 24h PC values of subjects in both groups were normally distributed, with a(More)
Relative insulin insensitivity occurs in a substantial portion of patients with major endogenous depressions, and about half such cases also hypersecrete cortisol in the afternoon and evening. This study assessed the relation between these two abnormalities in 16 patients with major endogenous depression. Over several days, insulin tolerance tests (ITTs)(More)
Twenty-five unmedicated hospitalized patients, ages 26-64, with severe major depressive disorders, endogenous subtype, were evaluated both clinically and endocrinologically. Although measures reflecting cortisol secretion did not correlate with symptom dimensions and diagnostic subtypes, we did find a significant relationship between cortisol secretion and(More)
Plasma levels of cortisol were sampled for 24 hours in 32 endogenously depressed (ED) patients and 72 controls to examine mean 24-hour plasma levels of cortisol, intervention in the feedback mechanism of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system (the dexamethasone suppression test), the circadian rhythm of cortisol secretion and its magnitude, and the(More)
The mean 24-hour plasma level of cortisol with plasma sampling every 20-30 minutes was determined in 32 normal women aged 12-73, 40 normal men aged 10-55, 21 depressed women aged 20-61, and 11 depressed men aged 22-66. The mean levels of cortisol were higher in the group of depressives compared with the controls. Cortisol levels showed a significant linear(More)
Forty patients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder were entered in a double-blind study to assess comparative clinical response and pharmacologic parameters of fluvoxamine, a highly selective blocker of serotonin reuptake, and desipramine, a noradrenergic agent. Eighteen patients receiving desipramine and 17 patients receiving fluvoxamine(More)
In symptomatic patients with borderline disorder, we conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of haloperidol and amitriptyline hydrochloride to test the differential efficacy of medication against the affective and schizotypal symptoms that characterize the disorder. Sixty-one patients, diagnosed by the Diagnostic Interview for Borderline of(More)
A double-blind, randomized trial of oral vs intravenous clomipramine hydrochloride pulse-loading dosing regimens was conducted. After a two-week drug-free assessment period, 22 inpatients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder were given either an evening infusion of 150 mg of clomipramine hydrochloride and placebo tablets or 150 mg of oral(More)
Twelve healthy chronic schizophrenic patients were treated with the long-acting oral dopamine (DA) receptor blocker penfluridol (100 mg orally) for 6 weeks. Plasma prolactin (PRL) levels were measured during insulin-tolerance tests (ITT) performed at the end of the drug-free period (7-10 days) and during weeks 1 and 6 of penfluridol treatment. Simultaneous(More)