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Choosing the appropriate neuroimaging phenotype is critical to successfully identify genes that influence brain structure or function. While neuroimaging methods provide numerous potential phenotypes, their role for imaging genetics studies is unclear. Here we examine the relationship between brain volume, grey matter volume, cortical thickness and surface(More)
The default-mode network, a coherent resting-state brain network, is thought to characterize basal neural activity. Aberrant default-mode connectivity has been reported in a host of neurological and psychiatric illnesses and in persons at genetic risk for such illnesses. Whereas the neurophysiologic mechanisms that regulate default-mode connectivity are(More)
We analyzed the degree of genetic control over intersubject variability in the microstructure of cerebral white matter (WM) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We performed heritability, genetic correlation and quantitative trait loci (QTL) analyses for the whole-brain and 10 major cerebral WM tracts. Average measurements for fractional anisotropy (FA),(More)
Despite some evidence that smoking behavior is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors, efforts at identifying specific genes that influence smoking are extremely limited. Using information on smoking behavior history for 973 individuals distributed across 105 COGA families and a multipoint variance components method, we tested for linkage(More)
Insulin resistance syndrome (IRS)-related phenotypes, such as hyperinsulinemia, obesity-related traits, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, tend to cluster into factors. We attempted to identify loci influencing the factors of IRS-related phenotypes using phenotypic data from 261 nondiabetic subjects distributed across 27 low-income(More)
The genetic factors involved in type II diabetes are still unknown. To address this problem, we are creating a 10 to 15 cM genetic map on 444 individuals from 32 Mexican American families ascertained on a type II diabetic proband. Using highly polymorphic microsatellite markers and a multipoint variance components method, we found evidence for linkage of(More)
The high-affinity sulfonylurea receptor (SUR1) gene regulates insulin secretion and may play a role in type 2 diabetes. A silent variant in exon 31 of SUR1 (AGG→AGA) was detected by single-strand conformational polymorphism and genotypes were determined for 396 Mexican American subjects (289 non-diabetic). The normal and mutant alleles were designated G and(More)
Excess O-glycosylation of proteins by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) may be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. The enzyme O-GlcNAc-selective N-acetyl-beta-d glucosaminidase (O-GlcNAcase) encoded by MGEA5 on 10q24.1-q24.3 reverses this modification by catalyzing the removal of O-GlcNAc. We have previously reported the linkage of(More)
The Enhancing NeuroImaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis (ENIGMA) Consortium is a collaborative network of researchers working together on a range of large-scale studies that integrate data from 70 institutions worldwide. Organized into Working Groups that tackle questions in neuroscience, genetics, and medicine, ENIGMA studies have analyzed neuroimaging(More)
Multiple genetic and environmental factors influence the risk for both major depression and alcohol/substance use disorders. In addition, there is evidence that these illnesses share genetic factors. Although, the heritability of these illnesses is well established, relatively few studies have focused on ethnic minority populations. Here, we document the(More)