Ravindra K. Malhotra

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1. The perfused adrenal gland of the rat was used to establish the identity of a non-cholinergic substance involved in splanchnic nerve-mediated secretion of catecholamines. 2. The perfused adrenal medulla was rich in vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) content (28 pmol g-1 of wet tissue). VIP-immunoreactive nerve fibres were present in the adrenal(More)
Several investigators have shown that tumour promoter phorbol esters mimic the effects of endogenous diacylglycerol to activate a second messenger, protein kinase C. These phorbol esters have proved to be valuable tools for exploring the role of protein kinase C in many cellular functions. We demonstrate here that secretion of catecholamines evoked from the(More)
The functional integrity of adrenal chromaffin storage vesicles was studied in the perfused rat adrenal gland subjected to intense exocytosis. Continuous perfusion with 55 mM K+-Krebs solution produced a large and uninterrupted secretion of catecholamines. Total amounts secreted within 45 min were 4.66 micrograms and represented almost 30% of the total(More)
Experiments were carried out on cultured sympathetic neurons of the chick embryo; first, to demonstrate the presence of adrenergic and dopaminergic receptors, and then to see if these receptors are involved in regulation of transmitter release. We show that alpha 2-agonists, norepinephrine, epinephrine and clonidine, had no effect on neuronal cyclic(More)
Evidence is presented for morphological proof of exocytosis in the rat adrenal medulla in situ. Techniques were modified to allow perfusion of the intact adrenal gland with secretagogues (or electrical stimulation) followed by tannic acid. Unstimulated specimens demonstrated exocytotic (omega-shaped) profiles filled with flocculent material. This(More)
We have recently shown that vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is as potent as acetylcholine in inducing the secretion of catecholamines from the rat adrenal medulla. In the present study we have investigated the molecular mechanism involved in the exocytotic secretion of catecholamines by VIP and the effects of VIP on Ca45 uptake and phosphoinositide(More)
Forskolin has become an invaluable tool for exploring the involvement of cyclic AMP in a variety of cellular functions. The diterpine directly activates the catalytic subunit of adenylate cyclase, causing a marked increase in cyclic AMP content. Because of this well-characterized action, practically all the observed effects of forskolin are commonly(More)
The effect of phorbol ester, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, was investigated on the overflow of tritium from 3H-noradrenaline-loaded sympathetic neurons of the isolated perfused salivary gland of the rat. Stimulation (1 Hz for 60 s)-evoked overflow of tritium was enhanced by phorbol ester. A significant enhancement was seen at 1 nmol/l, which increased to a(More)
1. Our previous studies have indicated that splanchnic nerves release a substance(s), other than acetylcholine, that induces the secretion of catecholamines from the rat adrenal medulla. To identify the nature of the non-cholinergic substance, the effects of met-enkephalin and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) were investigated in the perfused adrenal(More)