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Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate are implicated in numerous neuropsychiatric and substance abuse conditions, but their spectral overlap with other resonances makes them a challenge to quantify in humans. Gabapentin, marketed for the treatment of seizures and neuropathic pain, has been shown to increase in vivo GABA concentration in the brain of(More)
In hyperoxic contrast studies modulated by the blood oxygenation level-dependent effect, it is often assumed that hyperoxia is a purely intravascular, positive contrast agent in T 2*-weighted images, and the effects that are not due to blood oxygenation level-dependent contrast are small enough to be ignored. In this study, this assumption is re-evaluated(More)
The application of T1 in the rotating frame (T1rho) to functional MRI in humans was studied at 3 T. Increases in neural activity increased parenchymal T1rho. Modeling suggested that cerebral blood volume mediated this increase. A pulse sequence named spin-locked echo planar imaging (SLEPI) that produces both T1rho and T2* contrast was developed and used in(More)
The magnetization transfer ratio of the lumbar discs was spatially quantified from age-matched subjects and the nucleus pulposus magnetization transfer ratio was correlated with T2-weighted Pfirrmann grades. A moderate and significant linear correlation between magnetization transfer ratio and Pfirrmann grades was observed, suggesting that nucleus pulposus(More)
PURPOSE To develop a novel pulse sequence called spin-locked echo planar imaging (EPI), or (SLEPI), to perform rapid T1rho-weighted MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS SLEPI images were used to calculate T1rho maps in two healthy volunteers imaged on a 1.5-T Sonata Siemens MRI scanner. The head and extremity coils were used for imaging the brain and blood in the(More)
PURPOSE To measure T1rho relaxation times and T1rho dispersion in the human brain in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on a 1.5-T GE Signa clinical scanner using the standard GE head coil. A fast spin-echo (FSE)-based T1rho-weighted MR pulse sequence was employed to obtain images from five healthy male volunteers.(More)
Myo-Inositol (MI) is one of the most abundant metabolites in the human brain located mainly in glial cells and functions as an osmolyte. The concentration of MI is altered in many brain disorders including Alzheimer's disease and brain tumors. Currently available magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) methods for measuring MI are limited to low spatial(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate an MRI method for directly visualizing amyloid-beta (Abeta) plaques in the APP/PS1 transgenic (tg) mouse brain in vivo, and show that T1rho relaxation rate increases progressively with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related pathology in the tg mouse brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS We obtained in vivo MR images of a mouse model of AD(More)
Significant artifacts arise in T(1rho)-weighted imaging when nutation angles suffer small deviations from their expected values. These artifacts vary with spin-locking time and amplitude, severely limiting attempts to perform quantitative imaging or measurement of T(1rho) relaxation times. A theoretical model explaining the origin of these artifacts is(More)
A method is presented for the rapid acquisition of temperature maps derived from phase difference maps. The temperature-dependent chemical shift coefficients (TDCSCs) of various concentrations of aqueous cobalt and dysprosium-based compounds were measured. The largest TDCSC calculated was for 100 mM DyEDTA, which had a TDCSC of -0.09 PPM/K; 160 mM CoCl2 had(More)