Ravinder K. Gill

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The sulfated polysaccharide carrageenan (CGN) induces activation of NFkappaB and interleukin 8 (IL-8) in human colonic epithelial cells through a pathway of innate immunity mediated by Bcl10 (B-cell CLL/lymphoma 10). In this report, we identify Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the family of innate immune receptors, as the surface membrane receptor(More)
In planta differentiation of somatic embryos was induced in seedlings of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) obtained from mature seeds germinated on a medium supplemented with thidiazuron (TDZ: N-phenyl-N1- (1,2,3 thiadiazol-yl)urea). At optimum levels of TDZ (10 μM), all germinating seeds produced embryogenic seedlings, and somatic embryos developed in the(More)
Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1) is an essential intestinal component of cholesterol absorption. However, little is known about the molecular regulation of intestinal NPC1L1 expression and promoter activity. We demonstrated that human NPC1L1 mRNA expression was significantly decreased by 25-hydroxycholesterol but increased in response to cellular cholesterol(More)
Recent studies from our laboratory and others have demonstrated the involvement of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)1 in the luminal uptake of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the human intestine. Functional studies from our laboratory previously demonstrated kinetically distinct SCFA transporters on the apical and basolateral membranes of human(More)
Specific transporters expressed in the liver and the intestine, play a critical role in driving the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. By preserving a circulating pool of bile acids, an important factor influencing bile flow, these transporters are involved in maintaining bile acid and cholesterol homeostasis. Enterohepatic circulation of bile acids(More)
The serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) facilitates clearance of extracellular 5-HT by its uptake and internalization. Decreased expression of SERT and consequent high 5-HT levels have been implicated in various diarrheal disorders. Thus, appropriate regulation of SERT is critical for maintenance of 5-HT homeostasis in health and disease. Previous studies(More)
An efficient regeneration system was developed by culturing immature cotyledons and embryo axes of Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Georgia Green on Murashige and Skoog basal medium (MS) supplemented with various concentrations of thidiazuron (TDZ; 1, 5, 10, and 15 µM). Highly morphogenic callus was produced from 100% of the explants comprising the cotyledon with(More)
Induction of somatic embryogenesis by different growth regulators was examined in leaf disc cultures of Nicotiana tabacum L. Direct differentiation of somatic embryos occurred on media supplemented with naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and N6-benzylaminopurine (BAP). Thidiazuron (N-phenyl-N′-1, 2,3,-thiadiazol-5-ylurea; TDZ) not only substituted for the most(More)
The enteric serotonin transporter (SERT) plays a critical role in modulating serotonin availability and thus has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various intestinal disorders. To date, SERT expression and function in the human intestine have not been investigated. Current studies were designed to characterize the function, expression, distribution,(More)
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) is a major cause of infantile diarrhea, but the pathophysiology underlying associated diarrhea is poorly understood. We examined the role of the luminal membrane Cl(-)/OH(-) exchange process in EPEC pathogenesis using in vitro and in vivo models. Cl(-)/OH(-) exchange activity was measured as OH(-) gradient-driven (36)Cl(-)(More)