Ravinarayan Raghupathi

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The major source of serotonin (5-HT) in the body is the enterochromaffin (EC) cells lining the intestinal mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. Despite the fact that EC cells synthesise ∼95% of total body 5-HT, and that this 5-HT has important paracrine and endocrine roles, no studies have investigated the mechanisms of 5-HT release from single primary EC(More)
Mitochondria are the primary site of cellular energy generation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Elevated ROS levels are detrimental to normal cell function and have been linked to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders such as Down's syndrome (DS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). RCAN1 is abundantly expressed in the brain and(More)
RCAN1 is a chromosome 21 gene that controls secretion in endocrine cells, regulates mitochondrial function, and is sensitive to oxidative stress. Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) is also an endogenous inhibitor of the protein phosphatase calcineurin, the inhibition of which leads to hypoinsulinemia and diabetes in humans and mice. However, the presence or(More)
Enterochromaffin cells are the major site of serotonin (5-HT) synthesis and secretion providing ∼95% of the body's total 5-HT. 5-HT can act as a neurotransmitter or hormone and has several important endocrine and paracrine roles. We have previously demonstrated that EC cells release small amounts of 5-HT per exocytosis event compared to other endocrine(More)
Copper (Cu) is an essential biometal involved in a number of cell functions. Abnormal Cu homeostasis has been identified as a major factor in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. However, little is known about how cells of brain origin maintain Cu homeostasis and in particular, how they respond to an elevated Cu environment. Understanding these(More)
We have previously reported a heteroplasmic mtDNA mutation (T1095C) in the 12SrRNA gene of an Italian family with features of maternally-inherited parkinsonism, antibiotic-mediated deafness and peripheral neuropathy. In the present study, we demonstrate that a transmitochondrial cybrid line derived from the proband of this family shows selective depletion(More)
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