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OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of supplementing newborn infants with vitamin A on mortality at age 6 months. DESIGN Community based, randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. SETTING Two rural districts of Tamil Nadu, southern India. PARTICIPANTS 11 619 newborn infants allocated 24 000 IU oral vitamin A or placebo on days 1 and 2 after(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the magnitude of vitreoretinal disorders in a rural southern Indian population. METHODS Cluster sampling was used to identify individuals 40 years and older in Tamil Nadu in southern India. Demographic details, vision measurement and refraction using logMAR charts, anterior segment slitlamp examination, dilated posterior segment(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to indoor air pollution due to open burning of biomass fuel is common in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies linked this exposure to an increased risk of respiratory illness, low birth weight (LBW) and other disorders. We assessed the association between exposure to biomass fuel sources and second-hand tobacco smoke (SHTS)(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of lens opacities in an older population in rural southern India. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 5150 persons aged 40 years and more who were selected as part of a representative sample from three southern districts of the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. All lenses were graded and classified for opacities(More)
PURPOSE To determine the impact of vision impairment and eye diseases on vision-specific quality of life and visual function in an older population of rural southern India. METHODS Presenting and best-corrected visual acuity and burden of eye diseases were determined in a population aged 40 years and older, identified through a random cluster sampling(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the prevalence of early and late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in India. METHODS Of 7518 people aged 60 years and older identified from randomly sampled villages in North and South India, 5853 (78%) attended an eye examination including fundus photography. Fundus images were graded according to the Wisconsin Age-Related(More)
PURPOSE To determine the potential associations of female reproductive factors with age-related cataract, open-angle glaucoma, macular degeneration, and myopia in an older population of rural south India. METHODS This was a population-based, cross-sectional study of older adults in rural south India identified through a cluster sampling technique.(More)
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