Ravikala V. Rao

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Iniencephaly is a rare neural tube defect characterized by extreme retroflexion of the head with the absence of neck due to spinal deformities. The important features that help us to diagnose a case of iniencephaly are occipital bone deficit leading to enlarged foramen magnum, fusion of malformed cervical and thoracic vertebrae, and upward turned face with(More)
Endometriosis is the presence of functioning endometrium outside the uterus. Endometriosis rarely occurs in the abdominal wall. Majority of abdominal wall endometriosis occur in or adjacent to surgical scars, following caesarean section or hysterectomy. Laparotomy scar endometriosis following salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy has rarely been reported. We(More)
Nodular hidradenoma is an established entity as a skin adnexal tumor arising from eccrine sweat glands. A skin adnexal tumor located in the breast is unusual and is one of the differential diagnoses for subareolar breast nodules. With the exception of gynecomastia, other lesions of the male breast are not very common. The review of literature showed only 25(More)
Meckel Gruber syndrome (MKS) is a lethal, autosomal, recessive, multisystemic disorder, associated with mutations affecting ciliogenesis. Since the time it was first reported; only 200 cases have been reported. From January 2004 to December 2010, we evaluated 268 fetal autopsies in our institute, in the Department of Pathology; two of these fetuses were(More)
Osteonevus of Nanta is a rare histopathological finding in which there is an ectopic bone formation in intradermal nevus. Very few cases have been reported so far in the literature. We present a case of osteonevus of Nanta, which occurred as a nodule over the left eyebrow in a 52-year-old female patient. Simple excision proved to be curative in the present(More)
Somatostatinomas are rare pancreatic endocrine neoplasms (PEN). We present a case of a PEN in a 63-year-old lady having diabetes mellitus, cholelithiasis, steatorrhea, weight loss, indigestion, nausea and fatigue. Ultrasonography revealed a large calcified mass occupying the liver, pancreas and emboli in the splenic vein. Fine needle aspiration cytology(More)
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