Ravi Sondekoppa Muddashetty

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Fragile X syndrome, a common form of inherited mental retardation, is caused by the loss of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), an mRNA binding protein that is hypothesized to regulate local mRNA translation in dendrites downstream of gp1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). However, specific FMRP-associated mRNAs that localize to dendrites(More)
The molecular mechanism for how RISC and microRNAs selectively and reversibly regulate mRNA translation in response to receptor signaling is unknown but could provide a means for temporal and spatial control of translation. Here we show that miR-125a targeting PSD-95 mRNA allows reversible inhibition of translation and regulation by gp1 mGluR signaling.(More)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by the loss of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), which represses and reversibly regulates the translation of a subset of mRNAs in dendrites. Protein synthesis can be rapidly stimulated by mGluR-induced and protein phosphatase 2a (PP2A)-mediated dephosphorylation of FMRP, which is coupled to the dissociation of FMRP(More)
Regulated protein biosynthesis in dendrites of neurons might be a key mechanism underlying learning and memory. Neuronal dendritic BC1 RNA and BC200 RNA and similar small untranslated RNAs inhibit protein translation in vitro systems, such as rabbit reticulocyte lysate. Likewise, co-transfection of these RNAs with reporter mRNA suppressed translation levels(More)
BC1 RNA and BC200 RNA are two non-homologous, small non-messenger RNAs (snmRNAs) that were generated, evolutionarily, quite recently by retroposition. This process endowed the RNA polymerase III transcripts with central adenosine-rich regions. Both RNAs are expressed almost exclusively in neurons, where they are transported into dendritic processes as(More)
Poly(A) binding protein (PABP) binds non-protein-coding BC1 RNA and BC200 RNA, which contain adenosine-rich domains. Two combinations of the four PABP RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), RRMs 1+2 and RRMs 3+4, bind with very strong affinities to various transcripts with long stretches of adenosine residues, whereas RRMs 2+3 bind weakly. While RRMs 1+2(More)
© 2009, European Molecular Biology Organization This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Generic License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/), which permits distribution, public display, and publicly performance, making multiple copies, provided the original(More)
Fragile X syndrome is a common cause of intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder. The gene underlying the disorder, fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1), is silenced in most cases by a CGG-repeat expansion mutation in the 5' untranslated region (UTR). Recently, we identified a variant located in the 3'UTR of FMR1 enriched among developmentally(More)
| Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a developmental disorder resulting from trinucleoide repeat expansion in the 5’UTR of FMR1 gene. Cognitive deficiency and autistic features are among the common phenotypes of FXS. FMR1 gene codes for the protein FMRP, the absence of which leads to abnormal dendritic spine morphology and defective synaptic plasticity in animal(More)
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