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Crouzon syndrome, also called craniofacial dysostosis, is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance and variable expressivity. Described by a French neurosurgeon in 1912, it is a rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closure of cranial sutures, midfacial hypoplasia, and orbital defects. Here, we report a case of this rare entity.… (More)
Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation in which there is deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissues on one side of the face. It is primarily a syndrome of first and second branchial arches involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, mandibular ramus, masticatory muscles, ears and occasionally defects in facial nerve and… (More)
Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal dominant condition caused by mutation of RUNX2, characterized by generalized dysplasia of the bones and teeth. Affected individuals have short stature, atypical facial features, and skeletal anomalies affecting mainly the skull and clavicle. The dental manifestations are mainly delayed exfoliation of the primary teeth… (More)
PURPOSE This study was performed to determine the relative frequency of positioning errors, to identify those errors directly responsible for diagnostically inadequate images, and to assess the quality of panoramic radiographs in a sample of records collected from a dental college. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study consisted of 1,782 panoramic radiographs… (More)
Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of craniofacial development. The fully expressed phenotype exhibits characteristic dysmorphic features involving the face, eyes, mandible and ears. We report a case of a 17-year-old woman presenting with the typical orofacial implications of this syndrome.
AIM To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonography (USG) with color Doppler and power Doppler applications over conventional radiography in the diagnosis of periapical lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty patients having inflammatory periapical lesions of the maxillary or mandibular anterior teeth and requiring endodontic surgery were selected for inclusion… (More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a double-stranded virus belonging to human herpes virus family. Although it exists in eight various forms, HSV-1 causes most of the oral infections. Since dentists are more likely to be consulted in the case of oral infections, familiarity with these lesions becomes mandatory. It is more commonly reported in children and rarely… (More)
Agenesis of the major salivary glands is a rare and unusual condition, with only a few cases documented in the literature. The anomaly can be total or partial, unilateral or bilateral, and involve the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. The resultant xerostomia leads to extensive dental demineralization. The authors report two cases with… (More)
Double tooth is a term used to describe connate tooth and includes both dental fusion and gemination. Fusion refers to the union of two tooth germs resulting in a single large tooth. Owing to its irregular morphology, this anomaly can cause unpleasant aesthetic appearance. The diagnosis is based on the clinical findings and radiographic examination. We… (More)
Intraosseous verrucous carcinomas (VCs) arising from odontogenic cysts are a rare entity. An unusual case of a VC arising from the orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst is described for the first time. The microscopic features of the lesion are presented.