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BACKGROUND The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 5) established the goal of a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR; number of maternal deaths per 100,000 livebirths) between 1990 and 2015. We aimed to measure levels and track trends in maternal mortality, the key causes contributing to maternal death, and timing of maternal death with(More)
BACKGROUND The Millennium Declaration in 2000 brought special global attention to HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria through the formulation of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 6. The Global Burden of Disease 2013 study provides a consistent and comprehensive approach to disease estimation for between 1990 and 2013, and an opportunity to assess whether(More)
BACKGROUND Remarkable financial and political efforts have been focused on the reduction of child mortality during the past few decades. Timely measurements of levels and trends in under-5 mortality are important to assess progress towards the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target of reduction of child mortality by two thirds from 1990 to 2015, and(More)
Clostridium perfringens is a medically important clostridial pathogen causing diseases in man and animals. To invade, multiply and colonize tissues of the host, a pathogen must be able to evade host immune system, and obtain nutrients essential for growth. The factors involved in these complex processes are largely unknown and of crucial importance to(More)
Soil and sewage act as a reservoir of animal pathogens and their dissemination to animals profoundly affects the safety of our food supply. Moreover, acquisition and further spread of antibiotic resistance determinants among pathogenic bacterial populations is the most relevant problem for the treatment of infectious diseases. Bacterial strains from soil(More)
Clostridium perfringens is a medically important clostridial pathogen and an etiological agent causing several diseases in humans and animals. C. perfringens and its toxins have been listed as potential biological and toxin warfare (BTW) agents; thus, efforts to develop strategies for detection and protection are warranted. Forty-eight extracellular(More)
Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) has been remained in much importance in recent past because of high capacity gain over a single antenna system. In this article, analysis over the capacity of the MIMO channel systems with spatial channel has been considered when the channel state information (CSI) is considered imperfect or partial. The dynamic CSI(More)
This paper describes the design of the log periodically scaled microstrip patch antenna. The novelty of this antenna structure is a combination of a number of patch elements to create a log periodic array with modest bandwidth. The radiating element is a square patch antenna. The input impedance of the patch is adjusted to the probe feed and matched at(More)
Clostridium perfringens is an obligately anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium and etiological agent for several diseases in humans and animals. The pathogen has been listed as Validated Biological Agent and warrants development of medical countermeasures. The homologs of some of the lipoproteins identified from various fractions of C. perfringens in our previous(More)