Ravi Kumar Gandham

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In the present study, a total of 158 blood samples from 148 bovines and 10 dogs having a history of reproductive disorders were screened for Coxiella burnetii by trans-PCR method. In case of bovines, 6.08% (9/148) blood samples comprised of 4.54% (4/88) cattle and 8.33% (5/60) buffaloes turned out to be positive for C. burnetii DNA while all the samples(More)
A total of 355 cows were sampled (serum, n = 315; faeces, n = 355; milk, n = 209) from dairy farms located in the Punjab state of India. Faeces and serum/milk samples were screened by acid fast staining and "indigenous ELISA," respectively. IS900 PCR was used to screen faeces and milk samples. Bio-load of MAP in dairy cows was 36.9, 15.6, 16.3, and 14.4%,(More)
We report the complete genome sequence of the Sungri/96 vaccine strain of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV). The whole-genome nucleotide sequence has 89 to 99% identity with the available PPRV genome sequences in the NCBI database. This study helps to understand the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of the Sungri/96 strain.
The non-structural protein (NS1) of parvoviruses plays an important role in viral replication and is thought to be responsible for inducing cell death. However, the detailed mechanism and the pathways involved in canine parvovirus type 2 NS1 (CPV2.NS1) induced apoptosis are not yet known. In the present study, we report that expression of CPV2.NS1 in HeLa(More)
Many viruses have the ability to modulate the apoptosis, and to accomplish it; viruses encode proteins which specifically interact with the cellular signaling pathways. While some viruses encode proteins, which inhibit the apoptosis or death of the infected cells, there are viruses whose encoded proteins can kill the infected cells by multiple mechanisms,(More)
Many viral proteins have the ability to kill tumor cells specifically without harming the normal cells. These proteins, on ectopic expression, cause lysis or induction of apoptosis in the target tumor cells. Parvovirus NS1 is one of such proteins, which is known to kill high proliferating tumor cells. In the present study, we assessed the apoptosis inducing(More)
Many viral proteins are responsible for causing induction of apoptosis in the target cells. Hemagglutinin neuraminidase (HN), a multifunctional protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is one of such proteins. The present study was undertaken to determine the apoptotic potential of the HN gene in cultured human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa cell) and to(More)
| The enormous amount of viral species in nature arouses curiosity about not only their origin, but also forces their naming and organizing them into hierarchically arranged systematic units. The rapid evolution of viruses, in particular RNA viruses, has led to emergence of many new genotypes. The sequencing of whole genomes, genes or gene fragments is more(More)
Bovine tropical theileriosis is an important haemoprotozoan disease associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality particularly in exotic and crossbred cattle. It is one of the major constraints of the livestock development programmes in India and Southeast Asia. Indigenous cattle (Bos indicus) are reported to be comparatively less affected than(More)
BACKGROUND Many viral proteins exhibit selective cytotoxicity for tumor cells without affecting the normal diploid cells. The apoptin protein of chicken infectious anemia virus is one of such proteins, which has been shown to kill tumor cells specifically. However, an effective cancer treatment strategy also requires assistance from the immune system.(More)