Ravi K. Walli

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BACKGROUND The use of protease inhibitors in the treatment of HIV-1 infection is associated with the new onset of diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia and lipodystrophy. It is unclear whether these findings are coincidental or whether they reflect a causative effect of protease inhibitors. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of treatment with protease(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of replacing protease inhibitors (PIs) with abacavir on insulin sensitivity and plasma lipids. - DESIGN Pilot study including 31 patients with sustained virological control on their first PI-containing HAART regimen. 16 patients were switched from PIs to abacavir (ABC group), 15 patients continued on PIs (PI group). In all(More)
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is frequently associated with metabolic alterations, including insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. In this pilot study, we evaluated the effect of the PPARgamma activator troglitazone on ART-associated insulin resistance in HIV-infected patients with ART-associated diabetes mellitus. Six patients with protease inhibitor(More)
To define the extent and time course of HIV-proteinase inhibitor (PI) effects on serum lipid levels 148 patients on triple combination therapy including PIs and 91 patients on therapy with two nucleosides as a control group were evaluated. In the PI group there was a significant increase in total cholesterol after 3, 6 and 12 months compared to the baseline(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients heterozygous for delta32-CCR5 may have a delayed progression of HIV-1 disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of CCR5/delta32-CCR5 genotype in long-term slow progressors using plasma viral load as a marker of disease progression. DESIGN We analyzed 70 long-term slow progressors (diagnosis > 8 years(More)
BACKGROUND Dyslipidemia (predominantly hypertriglyceridemia) is frequently seen in patients receiving antiretroviral combination therapy (ART). However, the underlying mechanisms and long-term risks (e.g., cardiovascular events) are still unclear. OBJECTIVES/METHODS In 5 patients with ART-associated dyslipidemia, stable isotope labeled amino acid tracer(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human interferon-a therapy of chronic hepatitis B and C is associated with the induction of thyroid dysfunction in up to 15%. Little is known about morphological changes of the thyroid gland, especially about its tissue echogenicity under this immunomodulative drug treatment. METHODS 116 patients with chronic hepatitis B or C were(More)
The effect of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in combination with two boosted fosamprenavir regimens on amprenavir pharmacokinetic parameters was assessed in this prospective phase I crossover study with 30 healthy volunteers. The co-administration of TDF 300 mg once a day with fosamprenavir/ritonavir 1400/200 mg or 1400/100 mg once a day has no effect(More)