Ravi K. Murthy

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PURPOSE To establish normative data for the macular thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in subjects with no known retinal disease. DESIGN Prospective, observational study in an academic institutional setting. METHODS Fifty subjects (age range, 20 to 84 years) with no known retinal disease, best-corrected visual acuity(More)
PURPOSE Vital dyes such as infracyanine green (IfCG), brilliant blue green (BBG), and bromophenol blue (BPB) have been used as an alternative to indocyanine green (ICG) during chromovitrectomy. We compared the in vitro toxicity of IfCG, BBG, and BPB with ICG on the retinal pigment epithelial cells and retinal ganglion cells at various concentrations to(More)
PURPOSE Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is an advancement over time-domain OCT (TD-OCT) in the imaging of retinal disorders. Retinal thickness measured by SD-OCT differs from that measured by TD-OCT because the delineation of the outer boundary of the retina differs in the two instruments. The present study aims to evaluate this(More)
IMPORTANCE Retinal ischemia-induced upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) leads to endothelial proliferation of the anterior segment, resulting in neovascular glaucoma. OBJECTIVE To investigate the ciliary epithelium as a possible source of VEGF in human eyes enucleated for intractable neovascular glaucoma. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
The mammalian gammaretroviruses gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) and feline leukemia virus subgroup B (FeLV-B) can use the same receptor, Pit1, to infect human cells. A highly polymorphic nine-residue sequence within Pit1, designated region A, has been proposed as the virus binding site, because mutations in this region abolish Pit1-mediated cellular(More)
Human PiT2 (PiT2) is a multiple-membrane-spanning protein that functions as a type III sodium phosphate cotransporter and as the receptor for amphotropic murine leukemia virus (A-MuLV). Human PiT1 (PiT1), another type III sodium phosphate cotransporter, is a highly related protein that functions as a receptor for gibbon ape leukemia virus but not for(More)
PURPOSE Our study is aimed at evaluating the role of UVB light in inducing cytotoxicity in an in vitro model. METHODS RGC-5 and ARPE-19 cells were exposed to different time periods of UVB light: 0, 15, 30, and 45 min. They were subsequently examined for changes in cell morphology, cell viability (neutral red uptake assay), generation of reactive oxygen(More)
CONTEXT Lutein (LUT) and zeaxanthin (ZEA) are currently under investigation in clinical trials as prophylactic nutritional agents for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, dose used in these trials is empirical and not been investigated in in vitro studies. OBJECTIVE In this study, we investigated the dose-response effect of LUT and ZEA in(More)
CONTEXT Proton beam therapy offers the advantage of precise delivery with limited damage to the healthy tissue and is being tested in the management of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the dosages tested are empirical and not based on preclinical studies. OBJECTIVE In this study we evaluated the effects of varying doses of proton(More)