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PURPOSE To establish normative data for the macular thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in subjects with no known retinal disease. DESIGN Prospective, observational study in an academic institutional setting. METHODS Fifty subjects (age range, 20 to 84 years) with no known retinal disease, best-corrected visual acuity(More)
PURPOSE Vital dyes such as infracyanine green (IfCG), brilliant blue green (BBG), and bromophenol blue (BPB) have been used as an alternative to indocyanine green (ICG) during chromovitrectomy. We compared the in vitro toxicity of IfCG, BBG, and BPB with ICG on the retinal pigment epithelial cells and retinal ganglion cells at various concentrations to(More)
PURPOSE Our study is aimed at evaluating the role of UVB light in inducing cytotoxicity in an in vitro model. METHODS RGC-5 and ARPE-19 cells were exposed to different time periods of UVB light: 0, 15, 30, and 45 min. They were subsequently examined for changes in cell morphology, cell viability (neutral red uptake assay), generation of reactive oxygen(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is well known for its role in pathologic neovascularization, including wet age-related macular degeneration. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that VEGF is also neuroprotective of non-vascular cells in various animal models through reduction of oxidative stress. In light of the widespread use of(More)
PURPOSE Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is an advancement over time-domain OCT (TD-OCT) in the imaging of retinal disorders. Retinal thickness measured by SD-OCT differs from that measured by TD-OCT because the delineation of the outer boundary of the retina differs in the two instruments. The present study aims to evaluate this(More)
Human PiT2 (PiT2) is a multiple-membrane-spanning protein that functions as a type III sodium phosphate cotransporter and as the receptor for amphotropic murine leukemia virus (A-MuLV). Human PiT1 (PiT1), another type III sodium phosphate cotransporter, is a highly related protein that functions as a receptor for gibbon ape leukemia virus but not for(More)
CONTEXT Proton beam therapy offers the advantage of precise delivery with limited damage to the healthy tissue and is being tested in the management of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the dosages tested are empirical and not based on preclinical studies. OBJECTIVE In this study we evaluated the effects of varying doses of proton(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in vitro the effects of bevacizumab, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody, on retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) and retinal ganglion cells (RGC), at doses that were inhibitory to VEGF-enriched choroidal endothelial cells (CEC). METHODS Monkey CEC (RF6A), human RPE cells (ARPE-19), and rat RGC (RGC-5) were(More)
The mammalian gammaretroviruses gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) and feline leukemia virus subgroup B (FeLV-B) can use the same receptor, Pit1, to infect human cells. A highly polymorphic nine-residue sequence within Pit1, designated region A, has been proposed as the virus binding site, because mutations in this region abolish Pit1-mediated cellular(More)
PURPOSE To study the correlation between final visual acuity after successful anatomic macular hole repair and features on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS Retrospective review of charts of patients who underwent macular hole surgery. Data collection included pre- and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central(More)