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PURPOSE Valvular incompetence and venous wall abnormalities have been suggested as primary etiologic factors responsible for the development of varicose veins. This study was conducted to evaluate the connective tissue constituents of greater saphenous varicosities. Proteolytic activity, a factor that can lead to matrix degradation and cause weakening and(More)
OBJECT Hinge craniotomy (HC) has recently been described as an alternative to decompressive craniectomy (DC). Although HC may obviate the need for cranial reconstruction, an analysis comparing HC to DC has not yet been published. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of 50 patients who underwent cranial decompression (20 with HC, 30 with DC).(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of primary closure (PC) versus expanded polytetrafluoroethylene patch graft angioplasty (PGA) on the incidence of recurrent stenosis (> 50% lumen diameter narrowing) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), 87 patients undergoing 100 consecutive CEA were prospectively randomized into two groups. METHODS Forty-four patients(More)
Inflammatory pseudotumors (IP) are non-neoplastic lesions characterized by collagenous stroma and polyclonal mononuclear infiltrates. It is best characterized in the lung, but can occur in the CNS, mimicking a neoplastic process. We discuss the available literature and our cases in order to elucidate best medical practices when confronted with such a(More)
A prominent metalloproteinase activity with an apparent molecular mass of 80 kD and additional activities at 67 through 70, 50, and 32 kD have been observed on casein, gelatin, and elastin gel zymography in extracts from abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The forms at 80, 50, and 32 kD were isolated by affinity to recombinant tissue inhibitor of(More)
PURPOSE Perfusion of the isolated aorta of the rat with a saline solution containing pancreatic elastase induces an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). An interesting feature of this model is the phenomenon of latency, suggesting that additional steps beyond the initial injury are required for AAA formation. This study was performed to determine whether the(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the connective tissue matrix of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have yielded conflicting results, and the glycosaminoglycan content has not been previously reported. The present work was done to evaluate the matrix components of AAAs, including the cross-link content of the residual elastin. METHODS Aortic specimens from AAAs and(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the presence of interstitial collagenase, now known as matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), in specimens of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Eight AAA and four control infrarenal aortas were evaluated. After homogenization and extraction of soluble proteins, immunoblots of the extracts equalized for protein content were(More)
Several valvulotomes are currently available to achieve valvular disruption; however, studies comparing the efficacy of these endoluminal instruments are lacking. This prospective study evaluates the efficacy and safety of the three most commonly employed valve cutters: the Hall, LeMaitre, and Mills valvulotomes. A total of 30 in situ greater saphenous vein(More)