Raven Reitstetter

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When subjected to prolonged exposure to nicotinic agonists, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors undergo desensitization, resulting in an inactive receptor that does not allow for the passage of ions. The induction of desensitization of diverse nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes in muscle, ganglia, or brain is likely to play important modulatory roles(More)
Potassium channels govern duration and frequency of excitable membrane events and may regulate signals that are important in neuronal development. This study assesses the developmental expression of the large conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ channel in vivo and in vitro in rat cerebellum. In vivo, transcript levels for the Ca2+-dependent K+ channel (KCa) were(More)
We carried out parallel experiments first on the slow clinostat and then in space-flight to examine the effects of altered gravity on the aggregation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and the structure of the cytoskeleton in cultured Xenopus embryonic muscle cells. By examining the concordance between results from space flight and the clinostat, we(More)
The normal range of human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (RBC-AChE) activity is important when monitoring exposure to pesticides and chemical warfare agents. A modification of Michel's method measured RBC-AChE activities from 991 individuals (818 males and 173 females) presumably unexposed to nerve agents. Median age was 42 (range, 18-76) years. RBC-AChE(More)
Morphometric analyses of cultured rat Purkinje neurons, visualized with anti-calbindin, demonstrated that elevated KCl (10 mM) significantly increased dendritic outgrowth and branching. The response was blocked by NiCl2 (50 microM; R-type Ca2+ channel antagonist). Cells grown in low external Ca2+ (100 nM) showed no loss of responsiveness to elevated(More)
Normal developmental upregulation of K(Ca) channel activity in cultured rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons was selectively inhibited by antisense oligonucleotide sequence (3 microM) targeted against the rslo transcript. The knockdown was specific; delayed rectifier and apamin-sensitive K+ channel abundances in Purkinje neurons were not affected by rslo(More)
To examine the physiological sensitivity of membrane receptors to altered gravity, we examined the single channel properties of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR), in co-cultures of Xenopus myocytes and neurons, to vector-averaged gravity in the clinostat. This experimental paradigm produces an environment in which, from the cell's perspective, the(More)
Oxotremorine methiodide (oxotremorine-M) is the quaternary amine derivative of oxotremorine and is known to be a potent and oft-reported pure, muscarinic receptor agonist. We report here, for the first time, that oxotremorine-M also has strong nicotinic actions at the single channel level. Although previous reports have suggested that oxotremorine-M has(More)
Adenovirus serotypes 4 (ADV-4) and 7 (ADV-7) are important causes of febrile acute respiratory disease (ARD) in US military recruits. Previously licensed vaccines, which effectively controlled adenovirus-associated ARD, are no longer available. In the Fall of 2004 we conducted this Phase 1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the live, oral(More)
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