Ravand S. Khazai

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OBJECTIVE There is growing concern that intra-articular injection of local anesthetic and/or corticosteroids may cause significant morbidity, including potential toxicity to chondrocytes and synoviocytes, after even a single exposure. We demonstrate that full thickness canine chondral and synovial samples exposed to various local anesthetics and(More)
OBJECTIVE Intra-articular injection of local anesthetic and/or corticosteroid is an adjunct treatment for arthritic and inflammatory orthopedic conditions. Despite potential benefits, there is growing concern that these medications may cause significant morbidity, including potential toxicity to intra-articular chondrocytes and synoviocytes. DESIGN Twenty(More)
OBJECTIVE To correlate the amount and types of pain medications prescribed to CRPS patients, using the Medication Quantification Scale, and patients' subjective pain levels. DESIGN An international, multisite, retrospective review. SETTING University medical centers in the United States, Israel, Germany, and the Netherlands. SUBJECTS/METHODS A total(More)
This open‐access article is published and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution ‐ NonCommercial ‐ No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by‐nc‐nd/3.0/), which permits the noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction of the article in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. You may not alter,(More)
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