Raunel Tinoco

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We studied the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by using white rot fungi previously identified as organisms that metabolize polychlorinated biphenyls. Bran flakes medium, which has been shown to support production of high levels of laccase and manganese peroxidase, was used as the growth medium. Ten fungi grown for 5 days in this medium(More)
The transformation of organic halogenated pesticides by laccase-mediator system has been investigated. Twelve pesticides were assayed in the presence of nine different mediators. Acetosyringone and syringaldehyde showed to be the best mediators. The halogenated pesticides bromoxynil, niclosamide, bromofenoxim and dichlorophen were transformed by the(More)
It has been documented that bacteria from the Burkholderia genera produce different kinds of compounds that inhibit plant pathogens, however in Burkholderia tropica, an endophytic diazotrophic and phosphate-solubilizing bacterium isolated from a wide diversity of plants, the capacity to produce antifungal compounds has not been evaluated. In order to expand(More)
Peroxidase transformations of widely distributed pollutants, tetra- and penta-chlorinated phenols and anilines, were studied using different peroxidases. Chloroperoxidase from Caldariomyces fumago was able to transform tetra- and penta-chlorinated phenols and anilines, while horseradish peroxidase, lignin peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium and(More)
AIMS Enzyme kinetics of purified laccases from six different Pleurotus ostreatus strains were determined in the oxidation of syringaldazine, guaiacol and ABTS. METHODS AND RESULTS Significant differences in the kinetic constants were found. Catalytic activity (kcat) ranged from 19 to 941 U mg(-1) for syringaldazine, from 18 to 1565 U mg(-1) for ABTS, and(More)
Peroxidase from turnip roots (TP) was isolated followed by modification with methoxypolyethylene glycol (MPEG). The catalytic activity of the modified TP (MTP) on ABTS increased 2.5 times after 80 min of reaction. MTP showed a KM similar value to that of TP, but a significantly greater kcat for ABTS oxidation, in aqueous buffer. Chemical modification(More)
Ergosterol content was determined in 20 white-rot fungi isolates and the values ranged from 2380 to 13060 microg g(-1) fungal biomass. Significant changes of ergosterol content according the physiological stage for Bjerkandera adusta 4312 and Coriolopsis gallica 8260 were found, showing the highest values during the stationary phase. However, in the case of(More)
Purified peroxidase from turnip (Brassica napus L. var. esculenta D.C.) was immobilized by entrapment in spheres of calcium alginate and by covalent binding to Affi-Gel 10. Both immobilized Turnip peroxidase (TP) preparations were assayed for the detoxification of a synthetic phenolic solution and a real wastewater effluent from a local paints factory. The(More)
Laccase from Coriolopsis gallica was conjugated to the renewable biopolymer chitosan using carbodiimide chemistry. The laccase-chitosan conjugate was observed to offer three unique properties. First, the laccase-chitosan conjugate displayed pH-responsive behavior such that the conjugate was soluble and active under acidic conditions, but precipitated when(More)
Two laccase isoforms (lcc1 and lcc2) produced by Trametes versicolor, grown on oak sawdust under solid-state fermentation conditions, were purified and characterized. The two isoforms showed significant biochemical differences. Lcc1 and lcc2 had MWs of 60 and 100 kDa, respectively. Both isoforms had maximal activity at pH 3 with ABTS and(More)