Raul E. Cachau

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A B-cell epitope is the three-dimensional structure within an antigen that can be bound to the variable region of an antibody. The prediction of B-cell epitopes is highly desirable for various immunological applications, but has presented a set of unique challenges to the bioinformatics and immunology communities. Improving the accuracy of B-cell epitope(More)
Many of the proteins that mediate cell adhesion processes processes-fibronectin, fibrinogen, vitronectin, von Willebrand factor, osteopontin, laminin and various collagens--contain the amino acid sequence Arg-Gly-Asp. Short peptides that include this sequence have been shown to inhibit the interactions of cell adhesion proteins with their receptors and to(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is the major causative agent of malaria, a disease of worldwide importance. Resistance to current drugs such as chloroquine and mefloquine is spreading at an alarming rate, and our antimalarial armamentarium is almost depleted. The malarial parasite encodes two homologous aspartic proteases, plasmepsins I and II, which are essential(More)
Cathepsin D (EC 3.4.23.5) is a lysosomal protease suspected to play important roles in protein catabolism, antigen processing, degenerative diseases, and breast cancer progression. Determination of the crystal structures of cathepsin D and a complex with pepstatin at 2.5 A resolution provides insights into inhibitor binding and lysosomal targeting for this(More)
Immune evasion strategies often shape the immunogenicity of parasite components. We recently found that the N-terminal extension of the major subunit of Echinococcus granulosus antigen B (AgB), the causative agent of hydatid disease, concentrates the immunoreactive B cell epitopes of the native molecule. The nature of this immunodominance was analyzed using(More)
The first subatomic resolution structure of a 36 kDa protein [aldose reductase (AR)] is presented. AR was cocrystallized at pH 5.0 with its cofactor NADP+ and inhibitor IDD 594, a therapeutic candidate for the treatment of diabetic complications. X-ray diffraction data were collected up to 0.62 A resolution and treated up to 0.66 A resolution. Anisotropic(More)
Expression of a retroviral protein, Gag, in mammalian cells is sufficient for assembly of immature virus-like particles (VLPs). VLP assembly is mediated largely by interactions between the capsid (CA) domains of Gag molecules but is facilitated by binding of the nucleocapsid (NC) domain to nucleic acid. We have investigated the role of SP1, a spacer between(More)
The structure of the HIV-1 protease in complex with a pseudo-C2 symmetric inhibitor, which contains a central difluoroketone motif, has been determined with X-ray diffraction data extending to 1.7 A resolution. The electron density map clearly indicates that the inhibitor is bound in a symmetric fashion as the hydrated, or gemdiol, form of the(More)
The structure of a dendrimer exhibits a large number of internal and superficial cavities, which can be exploited, to capture and deliver small organic molecules, enabling their use in drug delivery. Structure-based modeling and quantum mechanical studies can be used to accurately understand the interactions between functionalized dendrimers and molecules(More)
Ultra-high-resolution X-ray crystallography of macromolecules (i.e. resolution better than 0.8 Angstroms) is a rising field that promises to provide new insight into the structure-function relationships of biomacromolecules. The picture emerging from macromolecular structures at this resolution is far more complex than previously understood, requiring for(More)