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HDM2 binds to an alpha-helical transactivation domain of p53, inhibiting its tumor suppressive functions. A miniaturized thermal denaturation assay was used to screen chemical libraries, resulting in the discovery of a novel series of benzodiazepinedione antagonists of the HDM2-p53 interaction. The X-ray crystal structure of improved antagonists bound to(More)
Cellular stresses trigger autophagy to remove damaged macromolecules and organelles. Lysosomes 'host' multiple stress-sensing mechanisms that trigger the coordinated biogenesis of autophagosomes and lysosomes. For example, transcription factor (TF)EB, which regulates autophagy and lysosome biogenesis, is activated following the inhibition of mTOR, a(More)
Transfer of maternal thyroxine (T4) to the human fetus near term has recently been demonstrated. We investigated whether maternal thyroid hormone is available to the conceptus during the first trimester of pregnancy as well. Transvaginal ultrasound-guided puncture of the embryonic cavities was performed during the first trimester of pregnancy to obtain(More)
The disruption of the p53-Hdm2 protein-protein interaction induces cell growth arrest and apoptosis. We have identified the 1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione scaffold as a suitable template for inhibiting this interaction by binding to the Hdm2 protein. Several compounds have been made with improved potency, solubility, and cell-based activities.
The 1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione is a suitable template to disrupt the interaction between p53 and Hdm2. The development of an enantioselective synthesis disclosed the stereochemistry of the active enantiomer. An in vitro p53 peptide displacement assay identified active compounds. These activities were confirmed in several cell-based assays including(More)
Guided by structure-based drug design, modification of the 1,4-benzodiazepin-2,5-dione lead compound 1 resulted in the discovery of 19, a potent and orally bioavailable antagonist of the HDM2-p53 protein-protein interaction (FP IC50 = 0.7 microM, F approximately 100%).
The activity and stability of the p53 tumor suppressor are regulated by the human homologue of the mouse double minute 2 (Hdm2) oncoprotein. It has been hypothesized that small molecules disrupting the Hdm2:p53 complex would allow for the activation of p53 and result in growth suppression. We have identified small-molecule inhibitors of the Hdm2:p53(More)