Rathavuth Hong

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BACKGROUND Wealthier populations do better than poorer ones on most measures of health status, including nutrition, morbidity and mortality, and healthcare utilization. OBJECTIVES This study examines the association between household wealth status and HIV serostatus to identify what characteristics and behaviours are associated with HIV infection, and the(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the methods used in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to collect nationally representative data on the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and assess the value of such data to country HIV surveillance systems. METHODS During 2001-04, national samples of adult women and men in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Dominican(More)
OBJECTIVE Food insecurity and undernutrition remain particularly severe in developing countries where improvements in economic conditions have tended to benefit the advantaged groups and resulted in widespread inequalities in health. This study examined how economic inequality is associated with chronic childhood undernutrition. DESIGN A child was defined(More)
BACKGROUND Household food insecurity and under-nutrition remain critically important in developing countries struggling to emerge from the scourge of poverty, where historically, improvements in economic conditions have benefited only certain privileged groups, causing growing inequality in health and healthcare among the population. METHODS Utilizing(More)
Rwanda still faces major hurdles in its effort to achieve universal access to health care for all. Even though there is an improvement in overall population health status and community-based funding of insurance coverage, a large percentage of women still deliver their babies at home assisted by unskilled birth attendants or unassisted. This paper examines(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate HIV seroprevalence estimates from demographic and health surveys (DHS) and AIDS indicator surveys (AIS) for potential bias because of non-response and exclusion of non-household population groups. METHODS Data are from 14 DHS/AIS surveys with HIV testing, conducted during 2003-6. Blood samples were collected and analysed for HIV(More)
BACKGROUND Many people in developing countries are still struggling to emerge from the realm of extreme poverty, where economic improvements tend to benefit a small, affluent group of the population and cause growing inequality in health and nutrition that affects the most vulnerable groups of the population, including women and children. OBJECTIVE To(More)
The problems of food insecurity and under-nutrition remain particularly severe in countries recovering from recent wars or civil unrest, where improvements in economic conditions have tended to benefit the advantaged groups and resulted in widespread inequalities in health. Using information on 3235 children aged 0-59 month(s) included in the 2000 Cambodia(More)
We examined whether orphaned and fostered children and children of HIV-infected parents are disadvantaged in schooling, nutrition, and health care. We analyzed data on 2,756 children aged 0-4 years and 4,172 children aged 6-14 years included in the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, with linked anonymous HIV testing, using multivariate logistic(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare HIV seroprevalence estimates obtained from antenatal care (ANC) sentinel surveillance surveys in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda with those from population-based demographic and health surveys (DHS) and AIDS indicator surveys (AIS). METHODS Geographical information system methods were used to map ANC surveillance sites(More)