Ratan Mani Joshi

Learn More
Major blood stage antimalarial drugs like chloroquine and artemisinin target the heme detoxification process of the malaria parasite. Hemozoin formation reactions in vitro using the Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein-2 (Pfhrp-2), lipids, and auto-catalysis are slow and could not explain the speed of detoxification needed for parasite survival.(More)
Pain from vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) is the major cause of hospitalization in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). The beneficial therapeutic effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) on the pathophysiology of SCD have been reported. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to determine whether NO breathing reduces acute(More)
Antenatal steroids like dexamethasone (DEX) are used to augment fetal lung maturity and there is a major concern that they impair fetal growth. If delivery is delayed after using antenatal DEX, placental function and hence fetal growth may be compromised even further. To investigate the effects of DEX on placental function, we treated 9 pregnant C57/BL6(More)
A study was conducted at a military station from Dec 2000 to Feb 2001, to study the exact immunisation coverage for six vaccines under Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI Vaccines) and Hepatitis B vaccine and to find out unimmunized children. A house to house search was conducted and all the children below five years of age were included in the sample.(More)
We previously demonstrated that inhaling nitric oxide (NO) increases the oxygen affinity of sickle red blood cells (RBCs) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Our recent studies found that NO lowered the P(50) values of sickle hemoglobin (HbS) hemolysates but did not increase methemoglobin (metHb) levels, supporting the role of NO, but not metHb, in(More)
Deltamethrin impregnated mosquito nets have been successfully used all over the world to combat malaria. To study the efficacy of these mosquito nets in the service conditions of Armed Forces, a field trial of Deltamethrin impregnated mosquito nets was carried out at Military Stations 'A' (trial station) and B (control station) between July 96 to June 99.(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) microarrays provide a means to assess genome-wide expression patterns after exposure of an organism to different xenobiotics. Potential uses for this technology include identification of unknown toxicants, assessment of toxicity of new compounds, and characterization of the cellular mechanisms of toxicant action. Here we describe(More)
Synthetic peptides containing a repetitive hexapeptide sequence (Ala-His-His-Ala-Ala-Asp) of malarial histidine-rich protein II were evaluated for binding with haem in vitro. The pattern of haem binding suggested that each repeat unit of this sequence provides one binding site for haem. Chloroquine inhibited the haem-peptide complex formation with(More)
Alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanine residues constrain the peptide backbone to beta-bend conformation. A pentapeptide containing four consecutive (deltaPhe) residues has been synthesised and crystallised. The peptide Boc-LAla-deltaPhe-deltaPhe-deltaPhe-deltaPhe+ ++-NHMe (C45H46N6O7, MW = 782.86) was crystallised from an acetonitrile/methanol mixture. The(More)
Alteration in ganglioside composition in F-11 cells by suppression of GD3-synthase gene expression resulted in greatly reduced tumor growth and metastasis when the cells were injected into nude mice. To identify genes whose expression is correlated with the decreased level of ganglioside GD3, we analyzed gene expression profiles of the GD3-suppressed F-11(More)