Rastislav Mad'ar

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Smoking cessation represents a very difficult task for the smoker, often requiring medical assistance. The introduction of smoking cessation drugs has been crucial to this process. Currently, there are two standardly used treatments: nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and the antidepressant bupropion. Soon after their introduction, NRTs were sold(More)
INTRODUCTION Cigarette smoking has reached the proportion of a global epidemic with particularly devastating consequences in countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Learning of epidemiological aspects of smoking in youngsters, especially university students, is of great importance for the whole community. Goals of the study were mapping smoking habits and(More)
The authors present a retrospective analysis of community-acquired and hospital-acquired rotaviral gastroenteritis (RVGE) cases in a 5 years period 2001-2005 and prospective analysis in 2006 in the referral area in a population of 7,000 children under 5 years of age. Out of 228 patients with RVGE, nosocomial RVGE accounted for 27.75% of the cases. Children(More)
OBJECTIVE The article analyses changes in tobacco use in medical students in Slovakia in 1995, 1999 and 2004. METHODS Questionnaire survey in 448 students of the Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Martin, Slovakia, was carried out in October and November 2004. Data were compared with similar surveys carried out in 1995 and 1999. (More)
UNLABELLED Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most important public health concerns and its consequences represent a considerable social and health burden. The study analyses the occurrence of DM in Slovakia in 1992-2002. MATERIAL AND METHODS Age standardised incidence and prevalence rates of DM were calculated from the data published by the Institute(More)
The results of a cross-sectional questionnaire study on smoking in 1,571 pupils of secondary schools in Martin, Slovakia (average age 15.7 y. +/- 1.0) are presented. Prevalence of regular smoking (min. 1 cigarette/day) was in 24.8% of boys and in 14.3% of girls. Higher prevalence was in pupils of apprentice schools. Association between smoking or(More)
Piranhas are feared freshwater fishes commonly found in the waters of southern Venezuela to the north of Argentina. At present this species is a favourite domesticated article of our aquarists. The authors describe the histopathologic picture of a cutaneous lesion of the right hand thumb of a 60-year old piranha keeper who was bitten by this predatory fish.(More)
402 subjects with diabetes mellitus have been vaccinated of the total of 34,000 vaccinees immunized during the study period of 9 and half months. Altogether 229 diabetic patients (56.97%) have been vaccinated'against tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and 74 (18.4%) against viral hepatitis (41 types A+B, 30 type A, 3 type B). The average age in four most(More)
While familial cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease are extremely rare all over the world, 3 familial clusters were observed between 1983-2000 in a relatively small area situated in the North of Slovakia. Prevalence of CJD in this area exceeded the overall prevalence in Slovakia more than 8 times. The majority of CJD patients admitted consuming sheep brain.(More)
The authors reviewed published data dealing with the effectiveness of school programs in tobacco control. Most of the evaluated school programs showed at least partial effect including namely improved knowledge level, decreased prevalence of smoking initiation and continuation. Less successful was achieving of behavioural changes and social resistance.(More)